Now a man from the house of LEVI
went and took to wife a daughter of LEVI
The woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.
And when she could hide him no longer she took for him a basket made of bulrushes, and daubed it with bitumen
and pitch; and she put the child in it and placed it among the reeds at the river’s brink.
And his sister stood at a distance, to know what would be done to him. Now the daughter of Pharaoh
came down to bathe at the river, and her maidens walked beside the river; she saw the basket among the
reeds and sent her maid to fetch it. When she opened it she saw the child; and lo, the babe was crying.
She took pity on him and said, “This is one of the Hebrews’
children.” Then his sister said to
daughter, “Shall I go and call you a nurse from the Hebrew
women to nurse the child for you?”
daughter said to her, “GO
.” So the girl went and called the child’s mother.
daughter said to her “Take the child away, and nurse him for me, and I will give you your wages.”
So the woman took the child and nursed him. And the child grew, and she brought him to Pharaoh’s
and he became her son; and she named him MOSES
, for she said, “Because I drew him out of the water.”
MOSES CRIME AND FLIGHT
One day, when MOSES
had grown up, he went out to his people and looked on their burdens;
and he saw an Egyptian
beating a Hebrew
, one of his people. He looked this way and that,
and seeing no one he killed the Egyptian
and hid him in the sand. When he went out the next day,
behold, two Hebrew’s
were struggling to together; and he said to the man that did the wrong,
“Why do you strike your fellow?
” He answered, “Who made you a prince and a judge over us?
Do you mean to kill me as you killed the Egyptian
?” Then MOSES
was afraid, and thought,
“Surely the thing is known.” When Pharaoh
heard of it, he sought to kill MOSES
fled from Pharaoh
, and stayed in the land of Midian
; and he sat down by a well.
Now the priest of Midian
had seven daughters and they came and drew water,
and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. The shepherds came and drove them away; but
stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. When they came to their
, he said, “How is it that you have come so soon today?” “They said,
delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and even drew water for us
and watered the flock.” He said to his daughters, “And where is he?” Why have you left the man?
Call him, that he may eat bread.” And MOSES
was content to dwell with the man, and he gave
his daughter Zipporah
. She bore a son, and he called his name Gershom
for he said, “I have been a sojourner in a foreign land.”
MOSES father-in-law and mother-in-law grandparents
Are Abraham and Sarah
In the course of those many days the king of Egypt
died. And the people of Israel
groaned under their bondage,
and cried out for help, and their cry under bondage came up to GOD
. And God
heard their groaning,
remembered his covenant with Abraham
, with Isaac
, and with Jacob
saw the people of Israel
, and GOD
knew their condition.
GOD COMMISSIONS MOSES
said, “I have seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt
and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters; I know their sufferings,
and I have come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians
and to bring them up out of that land to a good broad land, a land flowing with milk and honey.
“Come, I will send you to Pharaoh
that you may bring forth my people, the sons of Israel
out of Egypt
.” But MOSES
said to GOD
, “Who am I that I should go to Pharaoh
and bring the sons of Israel
out of Egypt
?” He said,
“But I will be with you, and this shall be the sign for you, that I have sent you when you have
brought forth the people out of Egypt
and shall serve GOD
upon the mountain.
LORD GOD’S NAME I AM WHO I AM
said to GOD
, “If I come to the people of Israel
and say to them,
of your fathers has sent me to you, and they ask me, “What is his name?”
what shall I say to them?” GOD
said to MOSES
“I AM who I AM.”
And he said, “Say this to the people of Israel
“I AM has sent me to you.” GOD
also said MOSES
“Say this to the people of Israel
, “THE LORD
, the GOD
of your fathers,
, the GOD
, and the GOD
has sent me to you; this is my name for ever, and thus
“I AM” to be remembered throughout all generations
MOSES STARTS FOR EGYPT
went back to Jethro
his father-in-law (his father-in-law has two names,
Reuel and Jethro
) and said to him, “Let me go back, I pray, to my kinsmen in Egypt
and see whether they are still alive.” And Jethro
said to Moses
, “Go in peace
And the LORD
said to Moses
, “Go back to Egypt
for all the men who were seeking your life are dead.” So Moses
took his wife and his sons
and set them on an ass, and went back to the land of Egypt
; and in his hand Moses
took the rod of GOD
And the LORD
said to Moses
, “When you go back to Egypt
, see that you do before
all the miracles which I have put in your power; but I will harden his heart, so that
he will not let the people go. And you shall say to Pharaoh
, “Thus says the LORD
is my first-born son, and I say to you, “Let my son go that he may serve me”;
if you refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay your first-born son.
At a lodging place on the way the LORD
met him and sought to kill him. Then Zipporah
took a flint and cut off her son’s foreskin, and touched Moses
feet with it, and said,
“Surely you are a bridegroom of blood to me
!” So he let him alone. Then it was that she said,
“You are a bridegroom of blood,” because of the circumcision.
said to Aaron
, “Go into the wilderness to meet Moses
So he went, and met him at the mountain of GOD
and kissed him. And Moses
all the words of the LORD
with which he had sent him, and all the signs which he had charged him to do.
went and gathered together all the elders of the people of Israel
spoke all the words which the LORD
had spoken to Moses
and did the signs in the sight of the people. And the people believed; and when they heard that the
had visited the people of Israel
and that he had seen their affliction, they bowed their heads and worshiped.
WHY IS THE SONS OF ISRAEL A SLAVE IN EGYPT
To answer this question you need to go back to the beginning with Abraham and Sarah.
Abraham and SARAH ARE BROTHER AND SISTER
From there ABRAHAM
journeyed toward the territory of the Negeb
, and dwelt between Kadesh
; and he sojourned in Gerar
. And Abraham
said of Sarah
“She is my sister
.” And Abimelch
king of Gerar
sent and took Sarah
came to Abimelech
in a dream by night, and said to him, “Behold you are a dead man,
because of the woman whom you have taken; for she is a man’s wife.” Now Abimelech
approached her; so he said, “LORD
, will thou slay an innocent people? Did he himself say to me,
“She is my sister
? And she herself said, “He is my brother
In the integrity of my heart and the innocence of my hands I have done this.”
said to him in the dream, “Yes I know that you have done this in the integrity of your heart,
and it was I who kept you from sinning against me; therefore I did not let you touch her.
Now then restore the man’s wife; for he is a prophet, and he will pray for you, and you shall live.
“But if you do not restore her, know that you shall surely die, you, and all that are yours.”
rose early in the morning, and called all his servants and told them all these things;
and the men were very much afraid. Then Abimelech
, and said to him,
“What have you done to us?” And how have I sinned against you that you have brought on me and my
kingdom a great sin? You have done to me things that ought not to be done.” And Abimelech
said to Abraham
, “What were you were you thinking of, that you did this thing?”
said, “I did it because I thought, there is no fear of GOD
at all in this place,
and they will kill me because of my wife, besides she is indeed my sister, the daughter of
my father but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife. And GOD
caused me to wander
from my father’s house, I said to her, “This is the kindness you must do me; at every place to which we come,
say of me, He is my brother.” Then Abimelech
took sheep and oxen, and male and female slaves,
and gave them to Abraham
and restored SARAH
his wife to him.
SARAH AND HAGAR
wife, took Hagar
, her maid and gave her to
her husband as a wife. And he went in to Hagar
and she conceived; and
when she saw that she had conceived, she looked with contempt on her mistress. And SARAI
said to Abram
, “May the wrong done to me be on you! I gave my maid to your embrace,
and when she saw that she has conceived, she looked on me with contempt. May the LORD
Judge between you and me! But Abram
said to SARAI
“Behold, your maid is in your power;
do to her as you please.” Then SARAI
dealt harshly with her, and she fled from her.
, maid of SARAI
where have you come from and where are you going?”
She said, “I am fleeing from my mistress SARAI
.” The LORD
said to her to return to
your mistress and submit to her. Then the LORD
said to her, “I will so greatly multiply your
descendants that they cannot be numbered for multitude.”
said, “Behold you are with child, and shall bear a son; you shall call his name Ishmael
because the LORD
has given heed to your affliction. He shall be a wise ass of a man,
his hand against every man and every man’s hand against him, and he shall live to the east of his kinsmen
a son, and ABRAM
gave the name ISHMAEL
to the son she had borne,
was eighty-six years old when HAGAR
bore him ISHMAEL
EASTERN, MIDIAN AND ETHOPHIA ALL MEANS THE SAME
COVENANT OF CIRCUMCISION
was ninety-nine years old the LORD
appeared to ABRAM
, and said to him, “I AM GOD ALMIGHTY
,” walk before me, and be blameless.
And I will make my covenant between me and you, and will multiply you exceedingly.” Then ABRAM
fell on his face, and GOD
said to him,
“Behold my covenant is with you, and you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be ABRAM
, but your name shall be
, for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful; and I will make nations of you and kings
shall come forth from you. And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an
everlasting covenant to be GOD
to you and to your descendants after you. And I will give to you, and to your descendants after you,
the land of your sojourning’s, all the land of CANAAN
, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their GOD
said to ABRAHAM
, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your descendants after you throughout their generations.
This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your descendants after you. Every male among you shall be circumcised.
You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you.
He that is eight days old among you shall be circumcised; every male throughout your generations, whether born in your house, or brought
with your money from any foreigner who is not of your offspring, both he that is born in your house and he that is brought with your money,
shall be circumcised. So shall my covenant be in your flesh an everlasting covenant. Any uncircumcised male who is not circumcised in the
flesh of his foreskin shall be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant.
THE PROMISE TO SARAI
said to ABRAHAM
, “AS for SARAI
your wife, you shall not call her name SARAI
, but SARAH
shall be her name. I will bless her,
and moreover I will give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall come from her.”
fell on his face and laughed, and said to himself, “Shall a child be born to a man who is a hundred years old? Shall SARAH
who is ninety years old bear a child?” And ABRAHAM
said to GOD
, “O that ISHMAEL
might live in thy sight.” GOD
your wife shall bear you a son, and you shall call his name ISAAC
.” I will establish my covenant with him as an
everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. As for ISHMAEL
, I have heard you; behold I will bless him and make him
fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of twelve princess, and I will make him a great nation.
But I will establish my covenant with ISAAC
, whom SARAH
shall bear you at this season next year.
When he had finished talking with him, GOD
went up from ABRAHAM
. Then ABRAHAM
his son and all the slaves born in his house
or brought with his money, every male among the men of ABRAHAM’S
house and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskins that very day, as
had said to him. ABRAHAM
was ninety-nine years old when he circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. And ISHMAEL
his son was
thirteen years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. That very day ABRAHAM
and his son ISHMAEL
and all the men of his house, those born in the house and those bought with money from a foreigner, were circumcised with him.
as he had said, and the LORD
did to SARAH
as he had promised. And SARAH
conceived, and bore Abraham
a son in his
old age at the time of which GOD
had spoken to him. Abraham
called the name of his son who was born to him, whom SARAH
bore him, ISAAC
circumcised his son ISAAC
when he was eight days old, as GOD
had commanded him. Abraham
was a hundred years old when his son
was born to him. And SARAH
has made laughter for me; everyone who hears will laugh over me.” And she said,
“Who would you have said to Abraham
would suckle children?” “Yet I have borne him a son in his old age
And the child grew, and was weaned; and Abraham
made a great feast on the day that ISAAC
was weaned. But SARAH
saw the son of HAGAR
, whom she had borne to Abraham
, playing with her son ISAAC
. So she said to Abraham
, “Cast out this slave woman with her son;
for the son of this slave woman shall not be heir with my son ISAAC
.” And the thing was very displeasing to Abraham
on account of his son.
said to Abraham, “Be not displeased because of the lad and because of your slave woman; whatever SARAH says to you, do as she tells you,
for through ISAAC shall your descendants be named. And I will make a nation of the son of the slave woman also because he is your offspring
“Now we brethren, like Isaac
, are children of promise. But at that time, he who was born according to the flesh (Cain
persecuted him who was born according to the spirit (Abel
), so it is now. But what does the scripture say?
Cast out the slave and her son, for the son of the slave shall not inherit with the son of the free woman.
So brethren, we are not the children of the slave but of the free woman.”
The allegory story of Cain and Abel is written all through the Bible from Genesis to Revelations.
“But as at that time, he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the spirit, so it is now.
Early the next morning Abraham
took some food and a skin of water and gave them to HAGAR
He set them on her shoulders and then sent her off with the boy. She went on her way and wandered in the desert of Beersheba
When the water in the skin was gone, she put the boy under one of the bushes.
Then she went off and sat down nearby, about a bowshot away, for she thought, I cannot watch the boy die.” As she sat there nearby, she began to sob.
heard the boy crying. “What is the matter HAGAR
? Do not be afraid as I have heard the boy crying.
Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.”
opened her eyes and she saw a well of water. So she went and filled the skin with water and gave the boy a drink.
was with the boy as he grew up. He lived in the desert and became an archer. While he was living in the desert of Paran
his mother got a wife for him from the land of Egypt
THE DEATH AND BURIAL OF SARAH
lived a hundred and twenty-seven years; these were the years of the life of SARAH
. And SARAH
died at Kiriath-arba
(that is, Hebron
) in the land of Canaan
; and Abraham
went in to mourn for SARAH
and to weep for her. And Abraham
from before his dead, and said to the Hittites
, “I am a stranger and a sojourner among you; give me property among you for
a burying place, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.” The Hittites
, “Hear us, my LORD
; you are a
mighty prince among us. Bury your dead in the choicest of our sepulchers; none of us will withhold from you his sepulcher,
or hinder you from burying your dead. Abraham
rose and bowed to the Hittites
, the people of the land.
And he said to them, “If you are willing that I should bury my dead out of my sight, hear me,
and entreat for me Ephron
the son of Zohar
, that he may give me the cave of Mach-Pelah
which he owns; it is at the end of his field.
For the full price let him give it to me in your presence as a possession for a burying place.” Now Ephron was sitting among the
; and Ephron
in the hearing of the Hittites
; of all who went in at the gate of his city,
“No, my lord, hear me; I give you the field, and I give you the cave that is in it; in the presence of the sons of my people
I give it to you; bury your dead.” Then Abraham
bowed down before the people of the land. And he said to Ephron
hearing of the people of the land, “But if you will, hear me; I will give the price of the field, accept it from me, that
I may bury my dead there.” Ephron
, “My lord, listen to me; a piece of land worth four hundred shekels of silver,
what is that between you and me? Bury your dead.”
agreed with Ephron
; and Abraham
weighed out for Ephron
the silver which he had named in the hearing of the Hittites
four hundred shekels of silver, according to the weights current among the merchants.
So the field of Ephron
, which was to the east of Mamre
, the field with the cave which was in it and all the
trees that were in the field, throughout its whole area, was made over to Abraham
as a possession in the presence of the
, before all who went in at the gate of his city.
After this, Abraham
his wife in the cave of the field of Mach-Pelah
east of Mamre
that is, (Hebron
) in the land of Canaan
The field and the cave that is in it were made over to Abraham
as a possession for burying place by the Hittites
THE SEARCH FOR A WIFE FOR ISAAC
was old, well advanced in years; and the LORD
has blessed Abraham
in all things. And Abraham
said to his servant,
the oldest of his house, who had charge of all that he had. “Put your hand under my thigh, and I will make you swear by the LORD
of heaven and of earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites
, among whom I dwell,
but will go to my country and to my kindred, and take a wife for my son ISAAC
.” his servant said to him, “Perhaps the woman
may not be willing to follow me to this land; must I then take your son back to the land from which you came?”
said to him, “See to it that you do not take my son back there.” The LORD
, the GOD
of heaven, who took me
from my father’s house and from the land of my birth, and who spoke to me and swore to me, “To your descendants
I will give this land, and you shall take a wife for my son from there. But if the woman is not willing to follow you,
then you will be free from this oath of mine; only you must not take my son back there. So the servant put his hand
under the thigh of Abraham
his master, and swore to him concerning this matter.
Then the servant took ten of his master’s camels and departed, taking all sorts of choice gifts from his master;
and he arose, and went to Mesopotamia
, to the city of Nahor
. And he made the camel’s kneel down outside the city
by the well of water at the time of evening, the time when women go out to draw water. And he said, “O LORD, GOD
my master Abraham
, grant me success today, I pray thee, and show steadfast love to my master Abraham
Behold, I am standing by the spring of water, and the daughters of the men of the city are coming out to draw water.
Let the maiden to whom I shall say, “Drink, and I will water your camels’---let her be the one whom thou hast
appointed for they servant ISAAC
. By this I shall know that thou hast shown steadfast love to my master.”
REBEKAH AT THE WELL
Before he had done speaking, behold, Rebekah
, who was born to Bethuel
the son of Milcah
, the wife of Nahor
brother, came out with her water jar upon her shoulder. The maiden was very fair to look upon, a virgin,
whom no man had known. She went down to the spring, and filled her jar, and came up.
Then the servant ran to meet her, and said, “Pray give me a little water to drink from your jar.” She said,
“Drink my lord”; and she quickly let down her jar upon her hand, and gave him a drink. When she had finished
giving him a drink, she said, “I will draw for your camels also, until they have done drinking.” So she quickly
emptied her jar into the trough and ran again to the well to draw, and she drew for all his camels.
The man gazed at her in silence to learn whether the LORD
had prospered his journey or not.
When the camels had done drinking, the man took a gold ring weighing a half shekel, and two bracelets for
her arms weighing ten gold shekels, and said, “Tell me whose daughter you are, Is there room in your
father’s house for us to lodge in?” She said to him, “I am the daughter of Bethuel
the son of Milcah
whom she bore to Nahor
.” She added, “We have both straw and provender enough, and room to lodge in.”
The man bowed his head and worshipped the LORD
, and said, BLESSED BE THE LORD, THE GOD OF MY MASTER ABRAHAM
who has not forsaken his steadfast love and his faithfulness toward my master. As for me,
has led me in the way to the house of my master’s kinsmen.”
Then the maiden ran and told her mother’s household about these things. Rebekah
had a brother
whose name was Laban
; and Laban
ran out to the man, to the spring. When he saw the ring, and the
bracelets on his sister’s arms, and when he heard the words of Rebekah
“Thus the man spoke to me,” he went to the man; and behold, he was standing by the camels at the spring.
He said, “Come in, O blessed of the LORD
, why do you stand outside? For I have prepared the house and
a place for the camels.” So the man came into the house; and Laban
ungirded the camels,
and gave him straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him.
Then food was set before him to eat; but he said, “I will not eat until I have told my errand.” He said, “SPEAK ON
THE SERVANT DESCRIBES HIS ERRAND
So he said, “I am Abraham’s
servant. THE LORD
has greatly blessed my master, and he has become great;
he has given him flocks and herds, silver and gold, menservants and maidservants, camels and asses.
my master’s wife bore a son to my master when she was old; and to him he has given all that he has.
My master made me swear, saying, “You shall not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites
in whose land I dwell; but you shall go to my father’s house and to my kindred, and take a wife for my son.”
I said to my master, “Perhaps the woman will not follow me.” But he said to me,
, before whom I walk, and you shall take a wife for my son from my kindred and from my father’s house;
then you will be free from my oath, when you come to my kindred; and if they will not give her to you, you will be free from my oath.
“I came today to the spring, and said, “O LORD
, the GOD
of my master Abraham
, if now thou will prosper the way which I go,
behold, I am standing by the spring of water; let the young woman who comes out to draw, to whom I shall say,
“Pray give me a little water from your jar to drink,” and who will say to me, “Drink, and I will draw for your camels also,”
let her be the woman whom the LORD
has appointed for my master’s son.
Before I had done speaking in my heart, behold, Rebekah
came out with her water jar on her shoulder;
and she went down to the spring, and drew. I said to her, “Pray let me drink
She quickly let down her jar from her shoulder, and said, “Drink and I will give your camels drink also.”
So I drank, and she gave the camels drink also. Then I asked her, “Whose daughter are you?” She said,
“The daughter of Bethuel
son, whom Milcah
bore to him.” So I put the ring on her nose, and the bracelets on her arms.
Then I bowed my head and worshiped the LORD
, and blessed the LORD
, the GOD
of my master Abraham
who had led me by the right way to take the daughter of my master’s kinsman for his son. Now then,
if you will deal loyally and truly with my master, tell me; and if not, tell me; that I may turn to the right hand or to the left.”
REBEKAH GOES WITH THE SERVANT
Then Laban and Bethuel answered
, “The thing comes from the LORD
, we cannot speak to you bad or good.
is before you, take her and go, and let her be the wife of your master’s son, as the LORD
servant heard these words, he bowed himself to the earth before the LORD
And the servant brought forth jewelry of silver and of gold, and raiment, and gave them to Rebekah
he also gave to her brother and to her mother costly ornaments. And he and the men who were with him ate and drank,
and they spent the night there. When they arose in the morning, he said, “Send me back to my master
Her brother and her mother said, “Let the maiden remain with us a while, at least ten days; after that she may go.”
But he said to them; “Do not delay me, since the LORD
has prospered my way; let me go that I may go to my master.”
They said, “We will call the maiden, and ask her.” And they called Rebekah
, and said to her, “Will you go with this man?”
She said, “I will go.” So they sent Rebekah
their sister and her nurse, and Abraham’s
servant and his men.
And they blessed Rebekah
, and said to her, “our sister, be the mother of thousands of ten thousands; and may your
descendants possess the gate of those who hate them!” Then Rebekah
and her maids arose, and rode upon the camels and
followed the man; thus the servant took Rebekah
, and went his way.
ISAAC AND REBEKAH MARRY
had come from Beer-Lahai-Roi
, and was dwelling in the Negeb
. And ISAAC
went out to meditate
in the field in the evening; and he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, there were camels coming.
lifted up her eyes, and when she saw ISAAC
, she alighted from the camel, and said to the servant,
“Who is the man yonder, walking in the field to meet us?” The servant said, “It is my master.”
So she took her veil and covered herself. And the servant told ISAAC
all the things that he had done.
brought her into the tent, and took REBEKAH
, and she became his wife; and he loved her.
was comforted after his mother’s death.
ABRAHAM TOOK ANOTHER WIFE
took another wife, whose name was Keturah
. (A Black Ethiopian Woman
She bore him seven children named Zimran
, and Shuah
Jokshan was father of the Queen of Sheba and Dedan
. The sons of Dedan
, and Le-umimim
The sons of Midian
, and Eldaah
All these were the children of Keturah
and offspring of Abraham
gave all he had to ISAAC
But to the sons of Keturah
gave gifts, and while he was still living he sent them away from his son ISAAC
eastward to the east country.
QUEEN OF SHEBA AND SOLOMAN
1 KING 10
CONVERSION OF THE ETHOPIAN
A minister of the Candace, Queen of the Ethiopians
, in charge of all her treasure, had come to Jerusalem
and was returning; seated in his chariot, he was reading the prophet Isaiah
. And the LORD
to go and speak to him.
THE DEATH OF ABRAHAM
These are the days of the years of Abraham’s
life, a hundred and seventy-five `years.
breathed his last and died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people.
his sons buried him in the cave of Mach-Peiah
, in the field of Ephron
the son of Zohar
east of Mamre
, the field which Abraham
purchased from the Hittites
. There Abraham
was buried, with SARAH
After the death of Abraham GOD
his son. And ISAAC
dwelt at Beer-Lahai-Roi
THE BIRTH OF JACOB AND ESAU
was forty years old when he married wife Rebekah
, the daughter of Bethuel
the sister of Laban
. And ISAAC
prayed to the LORD
for his wife, because she was barren;
and the LORD
granted his prayer, and Rebekah
his wife conceived. The children struggled together within her,
and she said, “If it is thus, why do I live?” So she went to inquire of the LORD
. And the LORD
said to her,
“Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples, born of you, shall
be divided, the one shall be stronger than the other, the elder shall
When her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.
The first came forth red, all his body like a hairy mantle; so they called his name ESAU
Afterward his brother came forth, and his hand had taken hold of ESAU’S
so his name was called JACOB
was sixty years old when she bore them.
When the boys grew up, ESAU
was a skillful hunter, a man of the field, while JACOB
was a quiet man, dwelling in tents;
, because he ate of his game; but Rebekah
. Because he looked like her.
Once when JACOB
was boiling pottage, ESAU
came in from the field and he was famished. And ESAU
said to JACOB
“Let me eat some of the red pottage, for I am famished.” JACOB
said, “First sell me your birthright.” ESAU
“I am about to die, of what use is a birthright to me?” JACOB
said, “Swear to me first.”
So he swore to him, and sold his birthright to JACOB
. Then JACOB
bread and pottage of lentils,
and he ate and drank, and rose and went his way.
ISSAC DWELLS IN GERAR
Now there was a famine in the land, besides the former famine that was in the days of Abraham
went to Gerar
, to Abimelech
king of the Philistines
. And the LORD
appeared to him, and said,
“Do not go down to Egypt
; dwell in the land of which I shall tell you. Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you,
and will bless you; for to you and to your descendants I will give all these lands, and
I will fulfill the oath which I swore to Abraham
your father. I will multiply your descendants as the stars of heaven,
and will give to your descendants all these lands; and by your descendants all the nations of the earth shall bless themselves;
obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”
dwelt in Gerar
. When the men of the place asked him about his wife, he said,
“She is my sister”; for he feared to say, “My wife,” thinking, “lest the men of the place should
kill me for the sake of Rebekah
”; because she was fair to look upon. When he had been there a long time,
Abimelech King of the Philistines
looked out of a window and saw Isaac
, and said, “Behold, she is your wife; how then could you say,
“She is my sister?” Isaac
said to him, “Because I thought, “Lest I die because of her,” Abimelech
“What is this you have done to us?
One of the people might easily have lain with your wife,
and you would have brought guilt upon us.” So Abimelech
warned all the people, saying,
“Whoever touches this man or his wife shall be put to death.”
ESAU’S MARRIAGE, ISSAC’S SORROW
was forty years old, he took to wife Judith
the daughter of
, and Basemath
the daughter of Elon the Hittite
, and he made life bitter for Isaac
was old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called Esau
his older son, and said to him,
”; and he answered, “Here I Am
.” He said, “Behold, I am old; I do not know the day of my death.
Now then, take your weapons, your quiver and your bow, and go out to the field, and hunt game for me, and
prepare for me savory food such as I love, and bring it to me that I may eat; that I may bless you before I die.”
REBEKAH SCHEMES WITH JACOB
was listening when Isaac
spoke to his son Esau
. So when Esau
went to the field to hunt for game and bring it,
said to her son Jacob
, “I heard your father speak to your brother Esau
, Bring me game, and
prepare for me savory food, that I may eat it, and bless you before the LORD
before I die.”
Now therefore, my son, obey my word as I command you. Go to the flock, and fetch me two good kids,
that I may prepare from them savory food for your father, such as he loves; and you shall bring it to
your father to eat, so that he may bless you before he dies.” But Jacob
said to Rebekah
“Behold, my brother Esau
is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man like you. Perhaps my father will feel me,
and I shall seem to be mocking him, and bring a curse upon myself and not a blessing.” His mother said to him,
“Upon me be your curse, my son; only obey my word, and go, fetch them to me.
So he went out and took them and brought them to his mother; and his mother prepared savory food,
such as his father loved. Then Rebekah
took the best garments of Esau
her older son,
which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob
her youngest son;
and the skins of the kids she put upon his hands and upon the smooth part of his neck; and
she gave the savory food and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob
JACOBS STOLEN BLESSING
So he went in to his father, and said, “My father; and he said, “Here I am; who are you, my son?”
said to his father, “I am Esau
your first –born. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game,
that you may bless me.” But Isaac
said to his son,” He answered, “Because the LORD
granted me success.”
said to Jacob
, “Come near, that I may feel you, my son to know whether you are really my son Esau
went near to Isaac
his father, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob’s
voice, but the
hands are the hands of Esau
.” And he did not recognize him, because his hands were hairy like his
hands; so he blessed him. He said, “Are you really my son Esau
?” He answered, “I AM.”
Then he said, “Bring it to me, that I may eat of my son’s game and bless you.” So he brought it to him,
and he ate; and he brought him wine, and he drank. Then his father Isaac
said to him,
“Come near and kiss me, my son.” So because he came near and kissed him; and he smelled the
smell of his garments, and blessed him, and said, “See the smell of my son is as the smell of a
field which the LORD
has blessed! May GOD
give you of the dew of heaven, and of the
fatness of the earth, and plenty of grain and wine? Let people serve you, and nations bow down to you.
over your brother, and mother’s son’s bow down to you. Cursed be everyone who curses you, and blessed be everyone who blesses you!”
ESAU LEARNS OF THE TRICK
As soon as Isaac
had finished blessing Jacob
, when Jacob
had scarcely gone out from the presence of
his father, Esau
his brother came in from his hunting. He also prepared savory food, and brought it to his father.
And he said to his father, “Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s game, that you may bless me.”
His father Isaac
said to him, “Who are you? He answered, “I am your son, your first –born, Esau
trembled violently, and said, “Who was it then that hunted game and brought it to me, and
I ate it all before you came, and I have blessed him? —yes, and he shall be blessed.”
heard the words of his father, he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry,
and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!”
But he said, “Your brother came with guile,
and he has taken away your blessing.” Esau
said” Is he not rightly named Jacob
? For he has supplanted me these two times.
He took away my birthright; and behold, now he has taken away my blessing.” Then he said,
“Have you not reserved a blessing for me?” Isaac
, “Behold, I have made him your Lord
and all his brothers I have given to him for servants, and with grain and wine I have sustained him.
What then can I do for you, my son?” Esau
said to his father, “Have you but one blessing, my father?
Bless me, even me also, O my father.”
lifted up his voice and wept.
his father answered him “Behold, away from the fatness of the earth shall your dwelling be,
and away from the dew of heaven on high. By your sword you shall live, and you shall serve your brother,
but when you break lose you shall break his yoke from your neck
said to Isaac
, “I am weary of my life because of the Hittite
marries one of the Hittite
women such as these, one of the women of the land,
what good will my life be to me?”
because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him,
said to himself, “The days of mourning for my father are approaching;
then I will kill my brother Jacob
.” I know my son and I mock you and brought about a curse but; upon me be your curse
said to Isaac
comforts himself by planning to kill Jacob
to my brother in Haran
to stay with him awhile until his anger has passed and he
forgets what Jacob
has done to him.” Then I will send and fetch him from there.
Why should I bereave the both of them in one day?
ISAAC SENDS JACOB TO LABAN
and blessed him, and charged him, “You shall not marry one of the Canaanite
Arise, go to Padddan-aram
to the house of Bethuel
your mother’s father, and take as wife from there one of
the daughters of Laban
your mother’s brother. God Almighty
blesses you and makes you fruitful and multiply you
that you may become a company of peoples. May he give the blessing of Abraham
to you and to your descendants with you,
that you may take possession of the land of your sojourning’s which GOD
gave to Abraham
!” Thus Isaac
and he went to Paddan-aram
, the son of Bethuel
, the brother of Rebekah
saw that Isaac
had blessed Jacob
and sent him away to Paddan-aram
to take a wife from there, and that as
he blessed him he charged him, “You shall not marry one of the Canaanite
women,” and that Jacob
his father and his mother and gone to Paddan-aram
. So when Esau
saw that the Canaanite
women did not please Isaac
went to Ishmael
and took to wife, besides the wives he had, Mahalath
the daughter of Ishmael Abraham’s
son, the sister of Nebaioth
who are Moses father-in-law and mother-in-law
had a son named Jethro
. Which makes Abraham and Sarah, their great grandparents
THE COMING OF JETHRO
(his father is Esau and his grandparents are Isaac and Rebekah)
The priest of Midian
, Moses father-in-Law
, heard of all that GOD
had done for Moses
and for Israel
how the Lord
had brought Israel
out of Egypt
. Now Jethro
, Moses father-in-law
, had taken Zipporah
after he had sent her away, and her two sons, of whom the name of the one was Gershom
(for he said, “I have been
a sojourner in a foreign land”), and the name of the Eliezer
(for he said, “GOD
of my father was my help, and
delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh
”). And Jethro
’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to
in the wilderness where he was encamped at the mountain of GOD
. And when one told Moses
, “Lo your
is coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her,
went out to meet his father-in-law, and did obeisance and kissed him; and they asked each
other of their welfare, and went into the tent. Then Moses
told his father-in-law all that the
had done to Pharaoh
and to the Egyptians
sake, all the hardship that had come
upon them in the way, and how the Lord
had delivered them. And Jethro
rejoiced for all the good
which the Lord
had done to Israel
, in that he had delivered them out of the hand of the Egyptians
said, “Blessed be the Lord
, who has delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians
and out of
the hand of Pharaoh
.” Now I know that the Lord
is greater than all gods, because he delivered the people
from under the hand of the Egyptians
, when they dealt arrogantly with them.” And Jethro
, Moses’ father-in-law
offered a burnt offering and sacrifices to GOD
; and Aaron
came with the elders of Israel
to eat bread with Moses’
father-in-law before GOD
THE SELECTION OF JUDGES
On the morrow Moses
sat to judge the people, and the people stood about Moses
from morning till evening.
’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this that you are
doing for the people? Why do you sit alone, and all the people stand about you from morning till evening?”
said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me to inquire of GOD
; when they have a dispute,
they come to me and I decide between a man and his neighbor, and I make them know the statues of GOD
and his decisions.”
’ father-in-law said to him, “What you are doing is not good. You and the people with you will wear yourselves out,
for the thing is too heavy for you; you are not able to perform it alone. Listen to my voice; I will give you counsel;
be with you! You shall represent the people before GOD
, and bring their cases to GOD
; and you shall teach them
the statues and the decisions, and make them know the way in which they must walk and what they must do.
Moreover choose able men from all the people, such as fear GOD
, men who are trustworthy and who hate a bribe;
and place such men over the people as rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.
And let them judge the people at all times; every great matter they shall bring to you, but any small matter
they shall decide themselves; so it will be easier for you, and will bear the burden with you.
If you do this, GOD
so commands you, then you will be able to endure, and all this people also will go to their place in peace.”
gave heed to the voice of his father-in-law and did all that he had said.
chose able men out of Israel
, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.
And they judged the people at all times; hard cases they brought to Moses
but any small matter they decided themselves. Then Moses
let his father-in-law depart,
and he went his way to his own country.
MIRIAM AND AARON OPPOSE MOSES
spoke against Moses
because of the Ethiopian
woman whom he had married,
for he had married an Ethiopian
And they said, “Hath the LORD
indeed spoken only through Moses
? Has he not spoken through us also?”
And the LORD
heard it. Now the man Moses
was very meek, more than all men that were on the face of the earth.
And suddenly the LORD
said to Moses
and to Aaron
, “Come out, you three to the tent of meeting.”
And the three of them came out. And the LORD
came down in a pillar of cloud, and stood at the door of the tent,
and called Aaron
; and they both came forward. And he said, “Hear my words; if there is a prophet among you,
I the LORD
make myself known to him in a vision, I speak with him in a dream. Not so with my servant Moses
he is entrusted with all my house. With him I speak mouth to mouth, clearly and not in dark speech;
and he beholds the form of the LORD
. Why then were you not afraid to speak against my servant Moses
MIRIAM BECOMES LEPROUS
And the anger of the LORD
was kindled against them, and he departed; and when the cloud removed from over the tent,
, as white as snow. And Aaron
turned towards Miriam
, and behold, she was leprous
And seven days, and after that she may be brought in again.” So Miriam
was shut up outside the camp seven days;
and the people did said to Moses
, “Oh my lord
, do not punish us because we have done foolishly and have sinned,
let her not be as one dead, of whom the flesh is half consumed when he comes out of his mother’s womb.
cried to the LORD
, “Heal her, O GOD
, I beseech thee.” But the LORD
said to Moses
“If her father had spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days?”
Let her be shut up outside the camp seven days, and after that she may be brought in again.”
was shut up outside the camp seven days; and the people not set out on the march till Miriam
was brought in again.
UNLAWFUL SEXUAL RELATIONS
And the LORD
said to Moses
, “Say to the people of Israel
, I am the Lord
You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt
, where you dwelt, and you shall not
do as they do in the land of Canaan
, to which I am bringing you. You shall not walk in their statutes.
You shall do my ordinances and keep my statues and walk in them.
I am the LORD
. You shall therefore keep my statues and my ordinances,
by doing which a man shall live; I am the LORD
None of you shall approach any one near of kin to him to uncover nakedness, I am the LORD.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father, which is the nakedness of your mother; she is your mother, you shall not uncover her nakedness.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife; it is your father’s nakedness.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father or the daughter of your mother, whether born at home or born abroad.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your son’s daughter or of your daughter’s daughter, for the nakedness is your own nakedness.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s wife’s daughter, begotten by your father, since she is your sister.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s sister; she is your father’s near kinswoman.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother’s sister, for she is your mother’s near kinswoman.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother, that is, you shall not approach his wife; she is your aunt.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son’s wife, you shall not uncover her nakedness.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother’s wife; she is your brother’s nakedness.
You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and of her daughter, and you shall not take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are your near kinswomen; it is wickedness.
And you shall not take a woman as a rival wife to her sister, uncovering her nakedness while her sister is yet alive.
ISAAC SENDS JACOB TO LABAN
JACOB’S DREAM AT BETHEL
, and went toward Haran
. And he came to a certain place, and stayed there that night, because the sun had set.
Taking one of the stones of the place, he put it under his head and lay down in that place to sleep.
And he dreamed that there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven; and behold,
was ascending and descending on it! And behold, the LORD
stood above it and said, “I am the LORD
the GOD of Abraham
your father and the GOD
; the land on which you lie I will give to you and to your descendants;
and your descendants shall be like the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west and to the east and
to the north and to the south; and by you and your descendants shall all the families of the earth bless themselves.
Behold, I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and will bring you back to this land; for
I will not leave you until I have done that of which I have spoken to you.” Then Jacob
awoke from his sleep and said,
“Surely the LORD
is in this place; and I did not know it.” And he was afraid, and said, “How awesome is this place!
This is none other than the house of GOD
, and this is the gate of heaven.”
rose early in the morning, and he took the stone which he had put under his head and set it up for a
pillar and poured oil on the top of it. He called the name of that place Bethel
; but the name of the city was Luz
at the first.
made a vow, saying, “If GOD
will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me
bread to eat and clothing to wear, so that I come again to my father’s house in peace, then the LORD
shall be my GOD
and this stone, which I have set up for a pillar, shall be GOD”S house; and of all that thou givest me I will give the tenth to thee
went on his journey, and came to the land of the people of the east.
As he looked, he saw a well in the field, and lo, three flocks of sheep lying beside it;
for out of that well the flocks were watered. The stone on the well’s mouth was large,
and when all the flocks were gathered there, the shepherds would roll the stone from the mouth of the well,
and water the sheep, and put the stone back in its place upon the mouth of the well.
said to them, “My brothers, where do you come from?” They said, “We are from Haran
He said to them, “Do you know Laban
the son of Nahor
?” They said, “We know him.” He said to them,
“Is it well with him?” They said, “It is well; and see, Rachel
his daughter is coming with the sheep!”
He said, “Behold, it is still high day, it is not time for the animals to be gathered together;
water the sheep, and go, pasture them.” But they said, “We cannot until all the flocks are gathered together,
and the stone is rolled from the mouth of the well; then we water the sheep.”
JACOB MEETS RACHEL
While he was still speaking with them, Rachel
came with her father’s sheep; for she kept them.
Now when Jacob
the daughter of Laban
his mother’s brother, and the sheep of Laban
his mother’s brother,
went up and rolled the stone from the well’s mouth, and watered the flock of Laban
his mother’s brother.
, and wept aloud. And Jacob
that he was her father’s kinsman, and that he was
son; and she ran and told her father.
heard the tidings of Jacob
his sister’s son, he ran to meet him, and embraced him and kissed him,
and brought him to his house. Jacob
all these things, and Laban
said to him,
“Surely you are my bone and my flesh!” And he stayed with him a month.
JACOB MARRIES LEAH AND RACHEL
said to Jacob
, “Because you are my kinsman, should you therefore serve me for nothing?
Tell me, what shalt your wages be?” Now Laban
had two daughters; the name of the older was Leah
and the name of the younger was Rachel
eyes were weak, but Rachel
was beautiful and lovely.
; and he said, “I will serve you seven years for your younger daughter Rachel
said, “It is better that I give her to you than that I should give her to any other man; stay with me.”
served seven years for Rachel
, and they seemed to him but a few days because of the love he had for her.
said to Laban
, “Give me my wife that I may go in to her, for my time is completed.”
gathered together all the men of the place, and made a feast. But in the evening he took his
and brought her to Jacob
; and he went in to her. (Laban
gave his maid Zilpah
to be her maid.) And in the morning, behold, it was Leah
; and Jacob
said to Laban
“What is this you have done to me? Did I not serve with you for Rachel
? Why then have you deceived me?”
said, “It is not so done in our country, to give the younger before the first-born.
Complete the week of this one, and we will give you the other also in return for serving me another seven years.”
did so, and completed her week; then Laban
gave him his daughter Rachel
gave his maid Bilhah
to his daughter Rachel
to be her maid.) So Jacob
went in to Rachel
and he loved Rachel
more than Leah
, and served Laban
for another seven years.
When the Lord
saw that Leah
was hated, he opened her womb; but Rachel
conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Reuben
for she said,
“Because the Lord
has looked upon my affliction, surely now my husband will love me.”
She conceived again and bore a son, and said, “Because the Lord has heard that I am hated,
he has given me this son also”; and she called his name Simeon
Again she conceived and bore a son, and said, “Now this time my husband will be joined to me,
because I have borne him three sons”; therefore his name was called Levi
And she conceived again and bore a son, and said, “This time I will praise the Lord
therefore she called his name Judah
; then she ceased bearing.
THE SONS OF BILHAH AND ZILPAH
UPON ME BE YOUR CURSE MY SON ONLY OBEY MY WORDS
, saw that she bore Jacob
no children, she envied her sister; and she said to Jacob
“Give me children, or I shall die!” Jacob’s
anger was kindled against Rachel
, and he said,
“Am I in the place of GOD
, who has withheld from you the fruit of the womb” Then she said,
“Here is my maid Bilhah
; go in to her, that she may bear upon my knees, and even I may have children through her.”
So she gave him her maid Bilhah
as a wife; and Jacob
went in to her. And Bilhah
conceived and bore Jacob
has judged me, and has also heard my voice and given me a son”; therefore she called his name Dan
conceived again and bore Jacob
a second son. Then Rachel
said, “With mighty wrestling’s
I have wrestled with my sister, and have prevailed”; so she called his name Naphtali
saw that she had ceased bearing children, she took her maid Zilpah
and gave her to Jacob
as a wife.
maid bore Jacob
a son. And Leah
said, “GOOD FORTUNE
!” so she called his name Gad
a second son. And Leah
said, “HAPPY AM I
!” For the women will call me happy”;
so she called his name Ashner
In the days of wheat harvest Reuben
went and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them to his mother Leah
said to Leah
, “Give me, I pray, some of your son’s mandrakes.” But she said to her,
“Is it a small matter that you have taken way my husband? Would you take away my son’s mandrakes also?”
said, “Then he may lie with you tonight for your son’s mandrakes.”
came from the field in the evening, Leah
went out to meet him, and said,
“You must come in to me; for I have hired you with my son’s mandrakes.” So he lay with her that night.
hearkened to Leah
, and she conceived and bore Jacob
a fifth son. Leah
has given me my hire because I gave my maid to my husband”; so she called his name Issachar
conceived again, and she bore Jacob
a sixth son. Then Leah
has endowed me with a good dowry; now my husband will honor me, because I have borne his six sons”;
so she called his name Zebulun
. Afterwards she bore a daughter, and called her name Dinah
, and GOD
hearkened to her and opened her womb. She conceived and bore a son, and said,
has taken away my reproach”; and she called his name Joseph
, saying, “May the Lord add to me another son
JACOB’S BARGAIN WITH LABAN
had borne Joseph
said, to Laban
, “Send me away, that I may go to my own home and country.
Give me my wives and my children for whom I have served you, and let me go; for you know the service which I have given you.” But Laban
said to him, “If you will allow me to say so, I have learned by divination that the Lord
has blessed me because of you; name your wages,
and I will give it.” Jacob
said to him, “You yourself know how I have served you, and how your cattle have fared with me.
For you had little before I came, and it has increased abundantly; and the Lord
has blessed you wherever I turned.
But now when shall I provide for my own household also?” He said, “What shall I give you?” Jacob
“You shall not give me anything; if you will do this for me, I will again feed your flock and keep it;
let me pass through all your flock today, removing from it every speckled and spotted sheep and every black lamb,
and the spotted and speckled among the goats; and such shall be my wages. So my honesty will answer for me later,
when you come to look into my wages with you. Everyone that is not speckled and spotted among the goats and black lambs,
if found with me, shall be counted stolen.” Laban
! Let it be as you have said.” But that day Laban
removed the he-goats that were stripped and spotted,
and all the she-goats that were speckled and spotted, every one that had white on it, and every lamb that was black,
and put them in charge of his sons; and he set a distance of three days’ journey between himself and Jacob
fed the rest of Laban’s
took fresh rods of poplar and almond and plane, and peeled white streaks in them,
exposing the white of the rods. He set the rods which he had peeled in front of the flocks in the runnels,
that is, the watering troughs, where the flocks came to drink. And since they bred when they came to drink,
the flocks bred in front of the rods and so the flocks brought forth stripped, speckled, and spotted.
separated the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the striped and all the black
in the flock of Laban
; and he put his own droves apart, and did not put them with Laban’s
Whenever the stronger of the flock were breeding Jacob
laid the rods in the runnels before the
eyes of the flock, that they might breed among the rods, but for the feebler of the flock
he did not lay them there; so the feebler were Laban’s
, and the stronger Jacob’s
Thus the man grew exceedingly rich, and had large flocks, maidservants and menservants, and camels and asses.
JACOB PLANS TO RETURN HOME
UPON ME BE YOUR CURSE, MY SON; ONLY OBEY MY WORD
heard that the sons of Laban
were saying, “Jacob
has taken all that was our fathers;
and from what was out father’s he has gained all this wealth.” And Jacob
saw that Laban
regard him with favor as before. Then the LORD
said to Jacob
, “Return to the land of your fathers
and to your kindred, and I will be with you.” So Jacob
sent and called Rachel
field where his flock was, and said to them, “I see that your father does not regard me with favor
as he did before. But the GOD
of my father has been with me. You know that I have served your
father with all my strength; yet your father has cheated me and changed my wages ten times,
did not permit him to harm me. If he said, “The spotted shall be your wages,”
then all the flocks bore spotted; and if he said, “The stripped shall be your wages ´
then all the flock bore stripped. Thus God
has taken away the cattle of your father, and given them to me.
In the mating season of the flock I lifted up my eyes, and saw in a dream that the he-goats which leaped
upon the flock were stripped, spotted, and mottled. Then GOD
said to me in the dream, Jacob
, and I said,
“Here I am
!” And he said, “Lift up your eyes and see, all the goats that leap upon the flock are
stripped, spotted, and mottled; for I have seen all that Laban
is doing to you. I am the GOD
where you anointed a pillar and made a vow to me. Now arise, go forth from this land,
and return to the land of your birth.” Then Rachel
“Is there any portion or inheritance left to us in our father’s house?”
Are we not regarded by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and he has been using up the money given for us.
All the property which GOD
has taken away from our father belongs to us and to our children; now then, whatever GOD
has said to you, do.”
JACOB FLEES FROM LABAN
So Jacob arose
, and set his sons and his wives on camels; and he drove away all his cattle,
all his livestock which he had gained, the cattle in his possession which he had acquired in
, to go to the land of Canaan
to his father Isaac
had gone to shear his sheep,
stole her father’s household goods. And Jacob
in that he did not tell him that he intended to flee. He fled with all that he had,
and arose and crossed the Euphrates
, and set his face toward the hill country of Gilead
When it was told Laban
on the third day that Jacob
had fled, he took his kinsmen with him and
pursued him for seven days and followed close after him into the hill country of Gilead
came to Laban
in a dream by night, and said to him,
“Take heed that you say not a word to Jacob
, either good or bad.”
. Now Jacob
had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban
with his kinsmen encamped in the hill country of Gilead
. And Laban
said to Jacob
“What have you done, that you have cheated me, and carried away my daughters
like captives of the sword? Why did you flee secretly, and cheat me, and did not tell me,
so that I might have sent you away with mirth and songs, with tambourine and lyre?
And why did you not permit me to kiss my sons and my daughters’ farewell? Now you have done foolishly.
It is in my power to do you harm; but the GOD
of your father spoke to me last night, saying,
Take heed that you speak to Jacob
neither good nor bad. And now you have gone away
because you longed greatly for your father’s house, but why did you steal my gods?”
, “Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your
daughters from me by force. Anyone with whom you find your gods shall not live.
In the presence of our kinsmen point out what I have that is yours, and take it.”
Now Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them when he made the following statement.
But as for your household idols a curse upon anyone who took them. Let him die!
Because Isaac had gave him the power to bless or to curse
RACHEL STEALS THE HOUSEHOLD GOODS
went into Jacob’s
tent, and into Leah’s
tent, and into the tent of the two maidservants, but he did not find them.
And he went out of Leah’s
tent, and entered Rachel’s
. Now Rachel
had taken the household gods and
put them in the camel’s saddle, and sat upon them. Laban
felt all about the tent, but did not find them.
And she said to her father, “Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise before you, for the way of women is upon me.”
So he searched, but did not find the household gods.
became angry, and upbraided Laban
said to Laban
, “What is my offense?
What is my sin, that you have hotly pursued me? Although you have felt through all my goods,
what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsmen and your kinsmen, that they may decide between us two.
These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your- she goats have not miscarried,
and I have not eaten the rams of your flocks. That which was town by wild beasts
I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself; of my hand you required it,
whether stolen by day or stolen by night. Thus I was; by day the heat consumed me,
and the cold by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes. These twenty years I have been in your house;
I served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and you have changed my wages ten times.
If the GOD
of my father, the GOD
and the Fear of Isaac
, had not been on my side,
surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. GOD
saw my affliction and the labor of my hands, and rebuked you last night.
COVENANT BETWEEN JACOB AND LABAN
answered and said to Jacob
, “The daughters are my daughters, the children are my children,
the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these my daughters,
or to their children whom they have borne? Come now, let us make a covenant, you and I;
and let it be a witness between you and me.” So Jacob
took a stone, and set it up as a pillar.
said to his kinsmen, “Gather stones,” and they took stones, and made a heap; and they ate there by the heap.
called it Jegarsahadutha’s
called it Galeed
“This heap is a witness between you and me today.” Therefore he named it Galeed
and the pillar Mizpah
, for he said, “The Lord
watch between you and me, when we are absent one from the other.
If you ill-treat my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no man is with us, remember,
is witness between you and me.”
said to Jacob
, “See this heap and the pillar, which I have set between you and me.
This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness that I will not pass over this heap to you,
and you will not pass over this heap and this pillar to me, for harm. The GOD
and the GOD
of their fathers, judge between us.” So Jacob
swore by the Fear of his father Isaac
offered a sacrifice on the mountain and called his kinsmen to eat bread; and they ate bread and tarried all night on the mountain.
Early in the mourning Laban
arose, and kissed his grandchildren and his daughters and blessed them; then he departed and returned home.
JACOB PREPARES TO MEET ESAU
He broke loose from his brother and his brother no longer has a yoke around his neck
sent messengers before him to Esau
his brother in the land of Seir
, the country of Edom
instructing them. Thus you shall say to my lord Esau
; thus says your servant Jacob
“I have sojourned with Laban
, and stayed until now; and I have oxen, asses, flocks, menservants,
and maidservants; and I have sent to tell my lord, in order that I may find favor in your sight.”
And the messengers returned to Jacob
, saying, “We come to your brother Esau
, and he is coming to meet you,
and four hundred men with him.” Then Jacob
was greatly afraid and distressed; and he divided
the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies, thinking,
comes to the one company and destroys it, then the company which is left will escape.”
said, “O GOD
of my father Abraham
of my father Isaac
, O LORD
who didst say to me,
“Return to your country and to your kindred, and I will do you good.” I am not worthy of the
least of all the steadfast love and all the faithfulness which thou hast shown to thy servant,
for with only my staff I crossed this Jordan
; and now I have become two companies.
Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau
for I fear him,
least he come and slay us all, the mothers with the children. But thou didst say, I will do you good,
and make your descendants as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.”
JACOB’S PRESENT FOR ESAU
So he lodged there that night, and took from what he had with him a present for his brother Esau
two hundred she-goats and twenty he-goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, thirty milch camels and their colts,
forty cows and ten bulls, twenty she-asses and ten he-asses. These he delivered into the hand of his servants,
every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass on before me, and put a space between drove and drove.”
He instructed the foremost, “When Esau
my brother meets you, and asks you, “To whom do you belong?
Where are you going? And whose are these before you?” then you shall say, they belong to your servant Jacob
they are a present sent to my lord Esau
; and moreover he is behind us. He likewise instructed the second and
the third and all who followed the droves. “You shall say the same thing to Esau
when you meet him, and you shall say,
“Moreover your servant Jacob
is behind us.” For he thought, “I may appease him with the present that goes before me,
and afterwards I shall see his face; perhaps he will accept me.” So the present passed on before him; and he himself lodged that night in the camp.
JACOB’S NAME BECOMES ISRAEL
JACOB’S WRESTLING AT PENIEL
The same night he arose and took his two wives, his two maids, and his eleven children, and crossed the ford of the Jabbok
He took them and sent them across the stream, and likewise everything that he had. And Jacob
was left alone; and
a man wrestled with him until the breaking of the day. When the man saw that he did not prevail against Jacob
he touched the hollow of his thigh; and Jacob’s
thigh was put out of joint as he wrestled with him. Then he said,
“Let me go, for the day is breaking.” But Jacob
said, “I will not let you go, unless you bless me.”
And he said to him, “What is your name?” And he said, “JACOB
” Then he said, “Your name shall no more be called JACOB
, for you have striven with GOD
and with men, and have prevailed.” Then Jacob
“Tell me, I pray, your name.” But he said, “Why is it that you ask my name!” And there he blessed him.
called the name of the place Penuel
, saying, “For I have seen GOD
face to face, and yet my life is preserved.”
The sun rose upon him as he passed Penuel
, limping because of his thigh. Therefore to this day the
do not eat the sinew of the hip which is upon the hollow of the thigh,
because he touched the hollow of Jacob’s
thigh on the sinew of the hip.
JACOB AND ESAU MEET
lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, Esau
was coming, and four hundred men with him.
So he divided the children among Leah
and the two maids. And he put the maids with
their children in front, then Leah
with her children, and Rachael
last of all.
He himself went on before them, bowing himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck and kissed him, and they wept.
And when Esau
raised his eyes and saw the women and children, he said, “Who are these with you?”
said, “The children whom GOD
has graciously given your servant.” Then the maids drew near,
they and their children, and bowed down; Leah
likewise and her children drew near and bowed down;
and last Joseph
drew near, and they bowed down. Esau
“What do you mean by all this company which I met?” Jacob
answered, “To find favor in the sight of my lord.”
said, “I have enough, my brother; keep what you have for yourself.” Jacob
“No, I pray you, if I have found favor in your sight, then accept my present from my hand;
for truly to see your face is like seeing the face of GOD
, with such favor have you received me.
Accept, I pray you, my gift that is brought to you, because GOD
has dealt graciously with me,
and because I have enough. Thus he urged him, and he took it.
said, “Let us journey on our way, and I will go before you
.” But Jacob
said to him,
“My lord knows that the children are frail, and that the flocks and herds giving suck are a care to me;
and if they are overdriven for one day, all the clocks will die. Let my lord pass on before his servant,
and I will lead on slowly, according to the pace of the cattle which are before me and according
to the pace of the children, until I come to my lord in Seir
JACOB JOURNEYS TO SHECHEM
said, “Let me leave with you some of the men who are with me.” But he said,
“What need is there? Let me find favor in the sight of my lord.” So Esau
returned that day on his way to Seir
journeyed to Succoth
; and built himself a house, and made booths for his cattle; therefore the name of the place is called Succoth
came safely to the city of Shechem
, which is in the land of Canaan
, on his way from Paddan-aram
and he camped before the city. And from the sons of Hamor
father, he brought for a
hundred pieces of money the piece of land on which he had pitched his tent. There he erected an altar and called it El-Elohe-Israel
THE DEFILING OF DINAH
the daughter of Leah
, whom she had borne to Jacob
, went out to visit the women of the land;
and when Shechem
the son of Hamor
, the prince of the land, saw her,
he seized her and lay with her and humbled her. And his soul was drawn to Dinah
the daughter of Jacob
he loved the maiden and spoke tenderly to her. So Shechem
spoke to his father Hamor
“Get me this maiden for my wife.” Now Jacob
heard that he had defiled his daughter Dinah
but his sons were with his cattle in the field, so Jacob
held his peace until they came.
the father of Shechem
went out to Jacob
to speak with him.
The sons of Jacob
came in from the field when they heard of it; and the men were indignant and very angry,
because he had wrought folly in Israel
by lying with Jacob’s
daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.
spoke with them, saying, “The soul of my son Shechem
longs for your daughter; I pray you,
give her to him in marriage. Make marriages with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves.
You shall dwell with us; and the land shall be open to you; dwell and trade in it, and get property in it.”
also said to her father and to her brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you say to me I will give.
Ask of me ever so much as marriage present and gift, and I will give according as you say to me; only give me the maiden to be my wife.”
The sons of Jacob
and his father Hamor
deceitfully, because he had defiled their sister Dinah
They said to them, “We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised,
for that would be a disgrace to us. Only on this condition will we consent to you;
that you will become as we are and every male of you be circumcised. Then we will give our daughters, to you,
and we will take your daughters to ourselves, and we will dwell with you and become one people.
But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughters, and we will be gone.”
THE REVENGE FOR DINAH
Their words pleased Hamor
. And the young man did not delay to do the thing,
because he had delight in Jacob’s
daughter. Now he was the most honored of all his family.
and his son Shechem
came to the gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,
“These men are friendly with us; let them dwell in the land trade in it, for behold the land is
large enough for them; let us take their daughters in marriage; and let us give them our daughters.
Only on this condition will the men agree to dwell with us, to become one people;
that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised. Will not their cattle,
their property and all their beasts be ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will dwell with us.”
And all who went out of the gate of his city harkened to Hamor
and his son Shechem
every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.
On the third day, when they were sore, two of the sons of Jacob
brothers, took their swords and came upon the city unawares, and killed all the males.
They slew Hamor
and his son Shechem
with the sword and took Dinah
out of Shechem’s
house, and went away.
And the sons of Jacob
came upon the slain, and plundered the city, because their sister had been defiled;
they took their flocks and their hers, their asses, and whatever was in the city and in the field;
all their wealth, all their little ones and their wives, all that was in the houses, they captured and made their prey,
said to Simeon
, “You have brought trouble on me by making me odiousto the inhabitants of the land,
and the Perizzites
; my numbers are few, and if they gather themselves against me and attach me,
I shall be destroyed, both I and my household.” But they said, “Should he treat our sister as a harlot?”
But as for your household idols, a curse upon anyone who took them. Let him die! (Jacob put a curse on his pregnant wife to die)
BENJAMIN’S BIRTH; RACHAEL’S DEATH
GOD APPEARED TO JACOB AGAIN CALLING HIS NAME ISRAEL
appeared to Jacob
again, when he came from Paddan-aram
, and blessed him.
said to him, your name is Jacob
; no longer shall your name be called Jacob
, but Israel
shall be your name.
So his name was called Israel
. And GOD
said to him, “I AM GOD
almighty;” be fruitful and multiply;
a nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall spring from you.
The land which I gave to Abraham
I will give to you, and I will give the land to your descendants after you.
went up from him in the place where he had spoken with him.
set up a pillar in the place where he had spoken with him, a pillar of stone;
and he poured out a drink offering on it, and poured oil on it.
called the name of the place where GOD
had spoken with him Bethel
Then they journeyed from Bethel
; and when they were still some distance from
travailed, and she had hard labor. And when she was in her hard labor,
the midwife said to her, “Fear not; for now you will have another son.”
And as her soul was departing (for she died), she called his name Ben-oni
but his father called his name Benjamin
. So Rachael
died and she was buried
on the way to Ephrath
(that is, Bethlehem
), and Jacob
set up a pillar upon her grave;
it is the pillar of Rachael’s
tomb, which is there to this day. Israel
and pitched his tent beyond the tower of Eder
dwelt in that land Reuben
went and lay with Bilhah
his father’s concubine; and Israel
heard of it.
Now the sons of Jacob
were twelve. The sons of Leah
, and Zebulun
. The sons of Rachael
The sons of Bilhah
. The sons of Zilpah
These were the sons of Jacob
who were born to him in Paddan-aram
THE DEATH OF ISAAC
came to his father Isaac
, or Kiriath-arba
(that is, Hebron
), where Abraham
Now the days of Isaac
were a hundred and eighty years. And Isaac
breathed his last;
and he died and was gathered to his people, old and full of days; and his sons Esau
JOSEPH’S DREAM; HIS BROTHERS HATRED
Jacob Dwelt in the land of his father’s sojournings, in the land of Canaan.
This is the history of the family of Jacob,
being seventeen years old, was shepherding the flock with his brothers;
he was a lad with the sons of Bilhah
, his father’s wives; and Joseph
an ill report of them to their father. Now Israel
more than any other of
his children, because he was the son of his old age; and he made him a long robe with sleeves.
But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers,
they hated him, and could not speak peaceably to him.
had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they only hated him the more.
He said to them, “Hear this dream which I have dreamed; behold, we were binding sheaves in the field,
and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright; and behold, your sheaves gathered round it,
and bowed down to my sheaf.” His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us?
Or are you indeed to have dominion over us?” So they hated him yet more for his dreams and for his words.
Then he dreamed another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, “Behold,
I have dreamed another dream; and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”
But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him, and said to him,
“What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers indeed come to
bow ourselves to the ground before you?” And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind.
THE PLOT TO KILL JOSEPH
Now his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near Shechem
. And Israel
said to Joseph
“Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem
? Come, I will send you to them.”
And he said to him, “Here I am.” So he said to him, “Go now, see if it is well with your brothers,
and with the flock; and bring me word again.” So he sent him from the valley of Hebron
, and he came to Shechem
And a man found him wandering in the fields; and the man asked him, “What are you seeking?”
“I am seeking my brothers,” he said, “tell me, I pray you, where they are pasturing the flock.”
And the man said, “They have gone away, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to Dothan
went after his brothers, and found them at Dothan
. They saw him afar off,
and before he came near to them they conspired against him to kill him. They said to one another,
“Here comes this dreamer. Come now, let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits;
then we shall say that a wild beast has devoured him, and we shall see what will become of his dreams.”
But when Reuben
heard it, he delivered him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.”
said to them, “Shed no blood; cast him into this pit here in the wilderness,
but lay no hand upon him”—that he might rescue him out of their hand, to restore him to his father.
So when Joseph
came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, the long robe with sleeves that he wore;
and they took him and cast him into a pit. The pit was empty. There was no water in it.
JOSEPH SOLD TO TRADERS
Then they sat down to eat; and looking up they saw a caravan of Ishmaelites
coming from Gilead
with their camels bearing gum, balm, and myrth, on their way to carry it down to Egypt
said to his brothers, “What profit is it if we slay our brother and conceal his blood?
Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites
, and let not our hand be upon him, for he is out brother,
our own flesh.” And his brothers heeded him. Then Midianite
traders passed by; and they drew
up and lifted him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ishmaelites
for twenty shekels of silver;
and they took Joseph
returned to the pit and saw that Joseph
was not in the pit, he rent his clothes and
returned to his brothers, and said, “The lad is gone; and I, where shall I go?”
Then they took Joseph’s
robe, and killed a goat and dipped the robe in the blood;
and they sent the long robe with sleeves and brought it to their father, and said,
“This we have found; see now whether it is your son’s robe or not.”
And he recognized it, and said, “It is my son’s robe; a wild beast has devoured him;
is without doubt torn to pieces.” Then Jacob
rent his garments, and put
sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days. All his sons and all his
daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted, and said,
“No, I shall go down to Sheol
to my son, mourning.’ Thus his father wept for him.
Meanwhile the Midianites
had sold him in Egypt
, an officer of Pharaoh
, the captain of the guard.
JOSEPH’S PROSPERITY AND INTEGRITY
was taken down in Egypt
, and Poti-phar
, an officer of Pharaoh
the captain of the guard, an Egyptian
, bought him from the Ishmaelites
who had brought him down there. The LORD
was with Joseph
and he became
a successful man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian
his master saw that the LORD
was with him, and that the LORD
caused all that
he did to prosper in his hands. So Joseph
found favor in his sight and attended him,
and he made him overseer of his house and put him in charge of all that he had.
From the time that he made him overseer in his house and over all that he had the
blessed the Egyptian’s
house for Joseph’s
sake, the blessing of the LORD
upon all that he had, in house and field. So he left all that he had in Joseph’s
and having him he had no concern for anything but the food which he ate.
was handsome and good-looking. And after a time his master’s wife cast her eyes upon Joseph
and said, “Lie with me
.” But he refused and said to his master’s wife, “Lo, having me my master
has no concern about anything in the house, and he has put everything that he has in my hand;
he is not greater in this house than I am; nor has he kept back anything from me except yourself,
because you are his wife; how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against GOD
And although she spoke to Joseph day after day, he would not listen to her, to lie with her or to be with her.
But one day, when he went into the house to do his work and none of the men of the house
was there in the house, she caught him by his garment saying, “Lie with me
But he left his garment in her hand, and fled and got out of the house.
And when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and had fled out of the house,
she called to the men of her household and said to them, “See, he has brought among us a
to insult us; he came in to me to lie with me, and I cried out with a loud voice;
and when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me, and
fled and got out of the house. Then she laid up his garment by her until his master came home,
and she told him the same story, saying, “The Hebrew
servant, whom you have brought among us,
came in to me to insult me’ but as soon as I lifted up my voice and cried, he left his garment with me, and fled out of the house.”
JOSEPH WRONGLY CAST INTO PRISON
When his master heard the words which his wife spoke to him, “This is the way your servant treated me,”
his anger was kindled. And Joseph’s
master took him and out him into the prison, the place where the
king’s prisoners were confined, and he was there in prison. But the LORD
was with Joseph
showed him steadfast love, and gave him favor in the sight of the keeper of the prison.
And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s
care all the prisoners who were in the prison;
and whatever was done there, he was the doer of it; the keeper of the prison paid no heed to
anything that was in Joseph’s
care, because the LORD
was with him, and whatever he did, the LORD
made it prosper.
JOSEPH INTERPRETS DREAMS
Sometime after this, the butler of the king of Egypt
and his baker offended their lord the king of Egypt
was angry with his two officers, the chief butler and the chief baker, and he put them
in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison where Joseph
The captain of the guard charged Joseph
with them, and he waited on them; and they continued for some time in custody.
And one night they both dreamed—the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt
who were confined in the prison-each his own dream, and each dream with its own meaning.
came to them in the morning and saw them, they were troubled.
So he asked Pharaoh’s
officers who were with him in custody in his master’s house,
“Why are your faces downcast today?” They said to him, “We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.”
said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to GOD
!” Tell them to me, I pray you.”
THE BUTLER’S DREAM
So the chief butler told his dream to Joseph
, and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me,
and on the vine there were three branches; as soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth,
and the clusters ripened into grapes. Pharaoh’s
cup was in my hand; and I took the grapes
and pressed them into Pharaoh’s
cup, and placed the cup in Pharaoh’s
said to him, “This is its interpretation the three branches are three days;
within three days Pharaoh
will lift up your head and restore you to your office;
and you shall place Pharaoh’s
cup in his hand as formerly, when you were his butler.
But remember me, when it is well with you, and do me the kindness, I pray you, to make mention of me to Pharaoh
and so get me out of this house. For I was indeed stolen out of the land of the Hebrews
and here also I have done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
THE BAKER’S DREAM
When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was favorable, he said to Joseph
“I also had a dream; there were three cake baskets on my head, and in the upper most basket
there were all sorts of baked food for Pharaoh
, but the birds were eating it out of the basket on my head.”
answered, “This is its interpretation; the three baskets are three days; within three days
will lift up your head—from you!—and hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat the flesh from you.
On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s
birthday, he made a feast for all his servants,
and lifted up the head of the chief butler and the head of the chief baker among his servants.
He restored the chief butler to his butler-ship, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s
but he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph
had interpreted to them. Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph
, but forgot him.
After two whole years, Pharaoh
dreamed that he was standing by the Nile
, and behold,
there came up out of the Nile
seven cows sleek and fat, and they fed in the reed grass.
And behold, seven other cows, gaunt and thin, came up out of the Nile
after them, and
stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile
. And the gaunt and thin cows ate up the
seven sleek and fat cows. And Pharaoh
awoke. And he fell asleep and dreamed a second time;
and behold, seven ears of grain, plump and good, were growing on one stalk.
And behold, after them sprouted seven ears, thin and blighted by the east wind.
And the thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears And Pharaoh
awoke, and behold, it was a dream.
So in the morning his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of
and all its wise men; and Pharaoh
told them his dream, but there was none who could interpret it to Pharaoh
Then the chief butler said to Pharaoh
, “I remember my faults today.
was angry with his servants, and put me and the chief baker
in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, we dreamed on the same night,
he and I, each having a dream with its own meaning. A young Hebrew
was there with us,
a servant of the captain of the guard; and when he told him, he interpreted our dreams to us,
giving an interpretation to each man according to his dream. And as he interpreted to us,
so it came to pass; I was restored to my office, and the baker was hanged.”
PHARAOH TELLS HIS DREAM TO JOSEPH
sent and called Joseph
, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon;
and when he had shaved himself and changed his clothes, he came in before Pharaoh
said to Joseph
, “I have had a dream, and there is no one who can interpret it;
and I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”
, “It is not in me; GOD
will give Pharaoh
a favorable answer,”
said to Joseph
, “Behold, in my dream I was standing on the banks of the Nile
and seven cows, fat and sleek, came up out of the Nile
and fed in the reed grass;
and seven other cows came up after them, poor and very gaunt and thin, such as
I had never seen in all the land of Egypt
. And the thin and gaunt cows ate up the first seven fat cows,
but when they had eaten them no one would have known that they had eaten them,
for they were as gaunt as at the beginning. Then I awoke.
I also saw in my dream seven ears growing on one stalk, full and good; and seven ears,
withered, thin, and blighted by the east wind, sprouted after them, and the
thin ears swallowed up the seven good ears. And I told it to the magicians,
but there was no one who could explain it to me.”
JOSEPH INTERPRETS PHARAOH’S DREAM
said to Pharaoh
, “The dream of Pharaoh
is one; GOD
has revealed to Pharaoh
what he is about to do.
The seven good cows are seven years, and the seven good ears are seven years; the dream is one.
The seven lean and gaunt cows that came up after them are seven years, and the seven empty ears
blighted by the east wind are also seven years of famine. It is as I told Pharaoh
has shown to
what he is about to do. There will come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt
but after them there will arise seven years of famine, and all the plenty will consume the land,
and the plenty will be unknown in the land by reason of that famine which will follow, for it will be very grievous.
And the doubling of Pharaoh’s
dream means that the thing if fixed by GOD
, and GOD
will shortly bring it to pass.
Now therefore let Pharaoh
select a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt
proceed to appoint overseers over the land, and take the fifth part of the produce of
the land of Egypt
during the seven plenteous years. And let them gather all the food of these
good years that are coming, and lay up grain under the authority of Pharaoh
for food in the cities,
and let them keep it. That food shall be a reserve for the land against the seven years of famine
which are to befall the land of Egypt
, so that the land may not perish through the famine.”
PHARAOH MAKES JOSEPH A RULER
This proposal seemed good to Pharaoh
and to all his servants. And Pharaoh
said to his servants,
“Can we find such a man as this, in whom is the SPIRIT OF GOD
?” So Pharaoh
said to Joseph
has shown you all this, there is none so discreet and wise as you are; you shall be over my house,
and all my people shall order themselves as you command; only as regards the throne will I be greater than you.”
said to Joseph
, “Behold, I have set you over all the land of Egypt
took his signet ring from his hand and put it on Joseph’s
arrayed him in garments of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; and
he made him to ride in his second chariot; and they cried before him, “Bow the knee!”
Thus he set him over all the land of Egypt
. More over Pharaoh
said to Joseph
“I am Pharaoh
, and without your consent no man shall lift up hand or foot in all the land of Egypt
; and he gave him in marriage Asenath
the daughter of Potiphera
priest of On
. So Joseph
went out over the land of Egypt
THE FULLFILMENT OF THE DREAM
was thirty years old when he entered the service of Pharaoh
the king of Egypt
went out from the presence of Pharaoh
, and went through all the land of Egypt
During the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth abundantly, and he gathered up
all the food of the seven years when there was plenty in the land of Egypt
, and stored up
food in the cities; he stored up in every city the food from the fields around it.
stored up grain in great abundance, like the sand of the sea, until he ceased to measure it, for it could not be measured.
Before the year of famine came, Joseph
had two sons, whom Asenath
, the daughter of
priest of On
, bore to him. Joseph
called the name of the first-born Manasseh
“For,” he said, “GOD
had made me forget all my hardship and all my father’s house.”
The name of the second he called Ephraim
, “For GOD
had made me fruitful in the land of my affliction.
The seven years of plenty that prevailed in the land of Egypt
came to an end; and the
seven years of famine began to come, as Joseph
had said. There was famine in all the lands;
but in all the land of Egypt
there was bread. When all the land of Egypt
the people cried to Pharaoh
for bread; and Pharaoh
said to all the Egyptians
, “Go to Joseph
what he says to you, do.” So when the famine had spread over all the land, Joseph
opened all the store houses,
and sold to the Egyptians
, for the famine was severe in the land Egypt
Moreover, all the earth came to Egypt
to buy grain, because the famine was severe over all the earth.
JOSEPH’S BROTHERS VISIT EGYPT
learned that there was grain in Egypt
, he said to his sons, “Why do you look at one another?”
And he said, “Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt
; go down and buy grain for us there,
that we may live, and not die.” So ten of Joseph’s
brothers went down to buy grain in Egypt
did not send Benjamin
brother, with his brothers, for he feared that harm might befall him.
Thus the son of Israel
came to buy among the others who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan
JOSEPH MEETS HIS BROTHERS
was governor over the land; he it was who sold to all the people of the land.
brothers came, and bowed themselves before him with their faces to the ground.
saw his brothers, and knew them, but he treated them like strangers and spoke roughly to them.
“Where do you come from?” he said. They said, “From the land of Canaan
, to buy food.”
knew his brothers, but they did not know him. And Joseph
dreams which he had dreamed of them; and he said to them, “You are spies,
you have come to see the weakness of the land.” They said to him, “No, my Lord.
But to buy food have your servants come. We are all sons of one man, we are honest men,
your servants are not spies.” He said to them, “No, it is the weakness of the land that
you have come to see.” And they said, “We, your servants, are twelve brothers,
the sons of one man in the land of Canaan
; and behold, the youngest is this day with our father,
and one is no more.” But Joseph
said to them, “It is as I said to you, you are spies.
By this you shall be tested; by the life of Pharaoh
, you shall not go from this
place unless your youngest brother comes here. Send one of you, and let him bring your brother,
while you remain in prison, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you;
or else, by the life of Pharaoh
, surely you are spies.” And he put them all together in prison for three days.
On the third day Joseph
said to them, “Do this and you will live, for I fear GOD
; if you are honest men,
let one of your brothers remain confined in your prison, and let the rest go and carry grain for the
famine of your households, and bring your youngest brother to me; so your words will be verified,
and you shall not die.” And they did so. Then they said to one another,
“In truth we are guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul,
when he besought us and we would not listen; therefore is this distress come upon us.”
answered them, “Did I not tell you not to sin against the lad? But you would not listen.
So now there comes a reckoning for his blood.” They did not know that Joseph
for there was an interpreter between them. Then he turned away from them and wept; and
he returned to them and spoke to them. And he took Simeon
from them and bound him before their eyes.
gave orders to fill their bags with grain, and to replace every man’s money in his sack,
and to give them provisions for their journey. This was done for them.
Then they loaded their asses with their grain, and departed. And as one of them opened his sack
to give his ass provender at the lodging place, he saw his money in the mouth of his sack; and
he said to his brothers, “My money has been put back; here it is in the mouth of my sack!”
At this their hearts failed them, and they turned trembling to one another, saying, “What is this that GOD
has done to us?”
THE TEN SONS REPORT TO JACOB
When they came to Jacob
their father in the land of Canaan
, they told him all that had befallen them,
saying, the man, the lord of the land, spoke roughly to us, and took us to be spies of the land.
But we said to him, “We are honest men, we are not spies; we are twelve brothers,
sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan
Then the man, the lord of the land, said to us, “By this I shall know that you are honest men;
leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain for the famine of your households, and go your way.
Bring your youngest brother to me; then I shall know that you are not spies but honest men,
and I will deliver to you your brother, and you shall trade in the land.”
As they emptied their sacks, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack;
and when they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were dismayed.
their father said to them, “You have bereaved me of my children; Joseph
is no more,
is no more, and now you would take Benjamin
; all this has come upon me.”
said to his father, “Slay my two sons if I do not bring him back to you;
put him in my hands, and I will bring him back to you.” But he said, “My son shall not go down with you,
for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If harm should befall him on the journey that you are to make,
you would bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol
THE SECOND TRIP TO EGYPT
Now the famine was severe in the land. And when they had eaten the grain which they had brought from Egypt
their father said to them, “Go again, buy us a little food.” But Judah
said to him,
“The man solemnly warned us, saying, “You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.”
If you will send our brother with us, we will go down and buy you food; but if you will not send him,
we will not go down, for the man said to us, “You shall not see my face, unless your brother is with you.”
said. “Why did you treat me so ill as to tell the man that you had another brother?”
They replied, “The man questioned us carefully about ourselves and our kindred, saying,
“Is your father still alive? Have you another brother?” What we told him was in answer to these questions;
could we in any way know that he would say, “Bring your brother down?” And Judah
said to Israel
“Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go, that we may live and not die, both we and you and also our little ones.
I will be surety for him; of my hand you shall require him. If I do not bring him back to you and set him before you,
then let me bear the blame for ever; for if we had not delayed, we would now have returned twice.”
Then their father Israel
said to them, “If it must be so, then do this; take some of the
choice fruits of the land in your bags, and carry down to the man a present,
a little balm and a little honey, gum, myrth, pistachio nuts and almonds.
Take double the money with you; carry back with you the money that was returned in the mouth of your sacks;
perhaps it was an oversight. Take also your brother, and arise, go again to the man;
almighty grant you mercy before the man that he may send back your other brother and Benjamin
If I am bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.” So the men took the present and
they took double the money with them, and Benjamin
; and they arose and went down to Egypt
, and stood before Joseph
JOSEPH'S BROTHERS RETURN TO EGYPT
with them, he said to the steward of his house,
“Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal and make ready,
for the men are to dine with me at noon.” The man did as Joseph
and brought the men to Joseph’s
house. And the men were afraid because
they were brought to Joseph’s
house, and they said, “It is because the money,
which was replaced in our sacks the first time, that we are brought in,
so that he may seek occasion against us and fall upon us,
to make slaves of us and seize our asses.” So they went up to the steward of Joseph’s
and spoke with him at the door of the house, and said, “Oh, my lord,
we came down the first time to buy food; and when we came to the lodging place we opened our sacks,
and there was every man’s money in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight;
so we have brought it again with us, and we have brought other money down in our hand to buy food.
We do not know who put our money in our sacks.” He replied, “Rest assured, do not be afraid;
and the GOD
of your father must have put treasure in your sacks for you; I received your money.”
Then he brought Simeon
out to them. And when the man had brought the men into Joseph’s
house, and given them water,
and they had washed their feet, and when he had given their asses provender, they made ready the present for
coming at noon, for they heard that they should eat bread there.
JOSEPH EATS WITH HIS BROTHERS
came home, they brought into the house to him the present which they had with them,
and bowed down to him to the ground. And he inquired about their welfare, and said,
“Is your father well, the old man of whom you spoke? Is he still alive?” They said,
“Your servant our father is well, he is still alive.” And they bowed their head and made obeisance.
And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin
, his mother’s son, and said,
“Is this your youngest brother, of whom you spoke to me? GOD
be gracious to you, my son!”
made haste, for his heart yearned for his brother, and he sought a place to weep.
And he entered his chamber and wept there. Then he washed his face and came out; and controlling himself he said,
“Let food be served.” They served him by himself, and them by themselves, and the
who ate with him by themselves, because Egyptians
might not eat bread with the Hebrew
for that is an abomination to the Egyptians
. And they sat before him, the first-born according
to his birthright and the youngest according to his youth; and the men looked at one another in amazement.
Portions were taken to them from Joseph’s
table, but Benjamin’s
portions was five times as much as any of theirs.
So they drank and were merry with him.
THE MISSING SILVER CUP
Then he commanded the steward of his house, “Fill the men’s sacks with food,
as much as they can carry, and put each man’s money in the mouth of his sack,
and put my cup, the silver cup, in the mouth of the sack of the youngest,
with his money for the grain. And he did as Joseph
told him. As soon as the morning was light,
the men were sent away with their asses. When they had gone but a short distance from the city,
said to his steward, “Up, follow after the men; and when you overtake them, say to them,
“Why have you returned evil for good? Why have you stolen my silver cup?
Is it not from this that my lord drinks, and by this that he divines? You have done wrong in so doing.”
When he overtook them, he spoke to them these words. They said to him,
“Why does my lord speak such words as these? Far be it from your servants
that they should do such a thing! Behold, the money which we found in the mouth of our sacks,
we brought back to you from the land of Canaan
; how then should we steal silver or gold from your lord’s house?
With whomever of your servants it be found, let him die, and we also will by my lord’s slaves.”
He said, “Let it be as you say; he with whom it is found shall be my slave, and the rest of you shall be blameless.”
Then everyman quickly lowered his sack to the ground, and every man opened his sack.
And he searched, beginning with the eldest and ending with the youngest; and the cup was found in Benjamin’s
Then they rent their clothes, and every man loaded his ass, and they returned to the city.
JOSEPH’S BROTHERS BOW BEFORE HIM
and his brothers came to Joseph’s
house, he was still there, and they fell before him to the ground.
said to them, “What deed is this that you have done? Do you not know that such a man as I can indeed divine?”
said, “What shall we say to my lord? What shall we speak? Or how can we clear ourselves?
has found out the guilt of your servants; behold, we are my lord’s slaves, both we and he also,
in whose hand the cup has been found.” But he said, “Far be it from me that I should do so!
Only the man in whose hand the cup was found shall by my slave; but as for you, go up in peace to your father.”
JUDAH PLEADS FOR BENJAMIN
went up to him and said, “O my lord
, let your servant,
I pray you, speak a word in my lord’s ears, and let not your anger
burn against your servant; for you are like Pharaoh
My lord asked his servants, saying, “Have you a father, or a brother?”
And he said to my lord, “We have a father, an old man, and a young brother,
the child or his old age; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother’s children;
and his father loves him. Then you said to your servants, “Bring him down to me,
that I may set my eyes upon him.” We said to my lord, “The lad cannot leave his father,
for if he should leave his father, his father would die.” Then you said to your servants,
“Unless your youngest brother comes down with you, you shall see my face no more.”
When we went back to your servant my father we told him the words of my lord.
And when our father said. “Go again, buy us a little food, we said, “We cannot go down.
If our youngest brother goes with us, then we will go down; for we cannot see the man’s face
unless our youngest brother is with us.” Then your servant my father said to us,
“You know that my wife bore me two sons; one left me, and I said, surely he has been torn to pieces;
and I have never seen him since. If you take this one also from me, and harm befalls him,
you will bring down my gray hairs in sorrow to Sheol
.” Now therefore, when I come to your servant my father,
and the lad is not with us, then, as his life is bound up in the lad’s life, when he sees that the lad is not with us,
he will die; and your servants will bring down the gray hairs of your servants our father with sorrow to Sheol
For your servant became surety for the lad to my father, saying, “If I do not bring him back to you,
then I shall bear the blame in the sight of my father all my life.” Now therefore, let your servant,
I pray you, remain instead of the lad as a slave to my lord; and let the lad go back with his brothers.
For how can I go back to my father if the lad is not with me? I fear to see the evil that would come upon my father.”
JOSEPH REVEALS HIS IDENTITY
could not control himself before all those who stood by him; and he cried,
“Make every one go out from me.” So no one stayed with him when Joseph
made himself known to his brothers.
And he wept aloud, so the Egyptians
heard it, and the household of Pharaoh
said to his brothers, “I AM JOSEPH
; is my father still alive?”
But his brothers could not answer him, for they were dismayed at his presence.
said to his brothers, “Come near to me, I pray for the famine has been in the land
these two years; and there are yet five years in which there will be neither plowing nor harvest.
sent me before you to preserve for you a remnant on earth, and to keep alive for you many survivors.
So it was not you who sent me here, but GOD
; and he has made me a father to Pharaoh
and lord of all his house and ruler over all the land of Egypt
. Make haste and go up to my father and say to him,
“Thus says your son Joseph
has made me lord of all Egypt
; come down to me, do not tarry;
you shall dwell in the land of Goshen
, and you shall be near me, you and your children and your children’s children,
and your flocks, your herds, and all that you have; and there I will provide for you,
for there are yet five years of famine to come; lest you and your household, and all that you have,
come to poverty.” And now your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin
that it is my mouth that speaks to you. You must tell my father of all my splendor in Egypt
and of all that you have seen. Make haste and bring my father down here.”
Then he fell upon his brother’s Benjamin’s
neck and wept; and Benjamin
wept upon his neck.
And he kissed all his brothers and went upon them; and after that his brothers talked with him.
JOSEPH’S KIN INVITED TO EGYPT
When the report was heard in Pharaoh’s
brothers have come,” it pleased Pharaoh
and his servants well.
said to Joseph
, “Say to your brothers, “Do this; load your beasts and go back to the land of Canaan
and take your father and your households, and come to me, and I will give you the best of the land of Egypt
and you will eat the fat of the land. Command them also, “Do this: take wagons from the land of Egypt
for your little ones and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. Give no thought to your goods,
for the best of all the land of Egypt
The sons of Israel
did so; and Joseph
gave them wagons, according to the command of Pharaoh
and gave them provisions for the journey. To each and all of them he gave festal garments;
but to Benjamin
he gave three hundred shekels of silver and five festal garments.
To his father he sent as follows; ten asses loaded with the good things of Egypt
and ten she-asses loaded with grain, bread, and provisions for his father on the journey.
Then he sent his brothers away, and as they departed, he said to them, “Do not quarrel on the way.”
So they went up out of Egypt
, and came to the land of Canaan
to their father Jacob
And they told him, “Joseph
is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt
And his heart fainted, for he did not believe them. But when they told him all the words of Joseph
which he had said to them, and when he saw the wagons which Joseph
had sent to carry him,
the spirit of their father revived; and Israel
said, “It is enough; Joseph
my son is still alive;
I will go and see him before I die.”
JACOB GOES TO EGYPT
took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beer-Sheba
, and offered sacrifices to the GOD
of his father Isaac
spoke to Israel
in visions of the night, and said, “Jacob
.” And he said, “Here am I
Then he said, “I am GOD
, the GOD
of your father; do not be afraid to go down to Egypt
I will there make of you a great nation. I will go down with you to Egypt
, and I will also bring you up again;
hand shall close your eyes.” Then Jacob
set out from Beer-Sheba
; and the sons of
their father, their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh
had sent to carry him.
They also took their cattle and their goods, which they had gained in the land of Canaan
, and came into Egypt
and all his offspring with him, his sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters;
all his offspring he brought with him into Egypt
THE DESCENDANTS OF JACOB
Now these are the names of the descendants of Israel
, who came into Egypt
and his sons, Reuben
and the sons of Reuben
, and Carmi
. The sons of Simeon
, and Shaul
the son of a Canaanitish
woman. The sons of Levi
, and Merari
. The sons of Judah
, and Zerah
died in the land of Canaan
); and the sons of Perez
The sons of Issachar
, and Shrimron
. The sons of Zebulun
, and Jaheel
(these are the sons of Leah
, whom she bore to Jacob
, together with his daughter Dinah
altogether his sons and his daughters numbered thirty-three). The sons of Gad
, and Areli
. The sons of Asher
And the sons of Beriah
(these are the sons of Zilpah
, whom Laban
gave to Leah
and these she bore to Jacob
—sixteen persons). The sons of Rachel
And to Joseph
in the land of Egypt
were born Manasseh
, whom Asenath
, the daughter of Potiphera
the priest of On
, bore to him. And the sons of Benjamin
, and Ard
(these are the sons of Rachel
, who were born to Jacob
—fourteen persons in all).
The sons of Dan
. The sons of Naphtali
, and Shillem
(these are the sons of Bilhah
, whom Laban
gave to Rachel
his daughter, and these she bore to Jacob
-seven persons all).
All the persons belonging to Jacob
who came into Egypt
, who were his own offspring, not including
sons’ wives, were sixty-six persons in all; and the sons of Joseph
who were born to him in Egypt
, were two; all the persons of the house of Jacob
, that came into Egypt
, were seventy.
THE SETTLEMENT IN EGYPT
He sent Judah
before him to Joseph
, to appear before him in Goshen
; and they came into the land of Goshen
made ready his chariot and went up to meet Israel
his father in Goshen
; and he presented
himself to him; and fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. Israel
said to Joseph
“Now let me die, since I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.”
said to his brothers and to his father’s household, “I will go-up and tell Pharaoh
and will say to him, “My brothers and my father’s household, who were in the land of Canaan
have come to me; and the men are shepherds, for they have been keepers of cattle;
and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.”
calls you, and says, “What is your occupation?” You shall say,
“Your servants have been keepers of cattle from our youth even until now, both we and our fathers’
in order that you may dwell in the land of Goshen
; for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians
went in and told Pharaoh
, “My father and my brothers, with their flocks and herds and all that they possess,
have come from the land of Canaan
; they now in the land of Goshen
.” And from among his brothers he took five men and
presented them to Pharaoh
said to his brothers, “What is your occupation?” And they said to Pharaoh
“Your servants are shepherds, as our fathers were.” They said to Pharaoh
, “We have come to sojourn in the land;
for there is no pasture for your servants’ flocks, for the famine is serve in the land of Canaan
; and now,
we pray you, let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen
.” Then Pharaoh
said to Joseph
“Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt
is before you; settle your father and
your brothers in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen
and if you know any able men among them, put them in charge of my cattle.”
brought in Jacob
his father, and set him before Pharaoh
, and Jacob
said to Jacob
, “How many are the days of the years of your life?”
said to Pharaoh
, “The days of the years of my sojourning are a hundred and thirty years;
few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to
the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their sojourning.”
, and went out from the presence of Pharaoh
settled his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt
in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses
, as Pharaoh
provided his father, his brothers, and all his father’s household with food, according to the number of their dependents.
THE LAND POLICIES OF JOSEPH
Now there was no food in all the land; for the famine was very severe, so that the land of Egypt
and the land of
languished by reason of the famine. And Joseph
gathered up all the money that was found in the land of
and in the land of Canaan
, for the grain which they bought; and Joseph
brought the money into Pharaoh’s
And when the money was all spent in the land of Egypt
and in the land of Canaan
, all the Egyptians
came to Joseph
and said, “Give us food; why should we die before your eyes? For our money is gone.” And Joseph
“Give your cattle, and I will give you food in exchange for your cattle, if your money is gone.”
So they brought their cattle to Joseph
, and Joseph
gave them food in exchange for the horses, the flocks,
the herds, and the asses; and he supplied them with food in exchange for all their cattle that year.
And when that year was ended, they came to him the following year, and said to him,
“We will not hide from my lord that our money is all spent; and the herds of cattle are my lord’s;
there is nothing left in the sight of my lord but our bodies and our lands.
Why should we die before your eyes, both we and our land? Buy us and your land for food,
and we with our land will be slaves to Pharaoh
; and give us seed, that we may live, and not die,
and that the land may not be desolate.”
bought all the land of Egypt
; for all the Egyptians
sold their fields,
because the famine was severe upon them. The land became Pharaoh’s
; and as for the people,
he made slaves of them from one end of Egypt
to the other. Only the land of the priests
he did not buy; for the priests had a fixed allowance from Pharaoh
, and lived on the allowance which
gave them; therefore they did not sell their land. Then Joseph
said to the people,
“Behold, I have this day bought you and your land for Pharaoh
. Now here is seed for you, and you shall sow the land.
And at the harvests you shall give a fifth to Pharaoh
, and four fifths shall be your own,
as seed for the field and as food for yourselves and your households, and as food for your little ones.”
And they said, “You have saved our lives; may it please my lord, we will be slaves to Pharaoh
made it a statute concerning the land of Egypt
, and it stands to this day,
should have the fifth; the land of the priests alone did not become Pharaoh’s
JOSEPH’S PROMISE TO JACOB
dwelt in the land of Egypt
, in the land of Goshen
; and they gained possessions in it,
and were fruitful and multiplied exceedingly. And Jacob
lived in the land of Egypt
so the days of Jacob
, the years of his life, were a hundred and forty-seven years.
And when the time drew near that Israel
must die, he called his son Joseph
and said to him,
“If now I have found favor in your sight, put your hand under my thigh, and promise to deal
loyally and truly with me. Do not bury me in Egypt
, but let me lie with my fathers;
carry me out of Egypt
and bury me in their burying place.” He answered, “I will do as you have said.”
And he said, “Swear to me”; and he swore to him. Then Israel
bowed himself upon the head of his bed.
JACOB BLESSES JOSEPH’S SONS
After this Joseph
was told, “Behold, your father is ill”; so he took him his two sons, Manasseh
And it was told to Jacob
, “Your son Joseph
has come to you”; then Israel
summoned his strength and sat up in bed.
said to Joseph
almighty appeared to me at Luz
in the land of Canaan
and blessed me, and said to me,
“Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a company of peoples,
and will give this land to your descendants after you for an everlasting possession.”
And now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt
before I came to you in Egypt
shall be mine, as Reuben
are. And the offspring born to you after them shall be yours;
they shall be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance.
For when I came to Paddan
to my sorrow died in the land of Canaan
on the way,
when there was still some distance to go to Ephrath
; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath
(that is Bethlehem
sons, he said, “Who are these?” Joseph
said to his father,
“They are my sons, whom GOD
has given me here.” And he said, “Bring them to me,
I pray you, that I may bless them.” Now the eyes of Israel
were dim with age, so that he could not see.
brought them near him; and he kissed them and embraced them.
said to Joseph
, “I had not thought to see your face; and lo, GOD
has let me see your children also.”
removed them from his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth.
took them both, Ephraim
in his right hand toward Israel’s
left hand, and
in his left hand toward Israel’s
right hand, and brought them near him.
stretched out his right hand and laid it upon the heard of Ephraim
, who was the younger,
and his left hand upon the head of Manasseh
, crossing his hands, for Manasseh
was the first-born.
And he blessed Joseph
, and said:
The GOD before whom my fathers’ Abraham and Isaac walked,
The GOD who has led me all my life long to this day,
Bless the lads,
And in them let my name be perpetuated, and the name of my fathers’ Abraham and Isaac
And let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”
saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim
it displeased him; and he took his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s
head to Manasseh’s
said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the first-born; put your right hand upon his head.”
But his father refused, and said, “I know, my son, I know; he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great;
nevertheless his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become s multitude of nations.”
So he blessed them that day saying,
“By you Israel will pronounce blessings, saying,
GOD make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh
And thus he put Ephraim
. Then Israel
said to Joseph
“behold, I am about to die, but GOD
will be with you, and will bring you again to the land of your fathers.
Moreover I have given to you rather than to your brothers’ one mountain slope which
I took from the hand of the Amorites
with my sword and with my bow.”
JACOB BLESSES HIS SONS
called his sons, and said, “Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you what shall befall you in days to come.
Assemble and hear, O sons of Jacob, and hearken to Israel your father.
, you are my first-born, my might, and the first fruits of my strength, pre-eminent in pride and pre-eminent in power.
Unstable as water, you shall not have pre-eminence because you went up to your father’s bed; then you defiled it—you went up to my couch!
are brothers; weapons of violence are their swords, O my soul, come not into their council;
O my spirit, be not joined to their company; for in their anger they slay men, and in their wantonness they hamstring oxen.
Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; and their wrath, for it is cruel! I will divide them in Jacob
and scatter them in Israel
, your brothers shall praise you; your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; your father’s
sons shall bow down before you. Judah
is a lion’s whelp; from the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as a lioness; who dares rouse him up?
The scepter shall not depart from Judah
, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs; and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.
Binding his foal to the vine and his ass’s colt to the choice vine, he washes his
garments in wine and his vesture in the blood of grapes; his eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
shall dwell at the shore of the sea; he shall become a haven for ships, and his border shall be at Sidon
is a strong ass, crouching between the sheepfolds; he saw that a resting place was good,
and that the land was pleasant; so he bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a slave at forced labor.
shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel
shall be a serpent in the way,
a viper by the path that bites the horse’s heels so that his rider falls backward. I wait for they salvation O LORD
Raiders shall raid GAD
, but he shall raid at their heels.
food shall be rich, and he shall yield royal dainties.
is a hind let loose that bears comely fawns.
is a fruitful bough, a fruitful bough by a spring; his branches run over the wall.
The arches fiercely attacked him, shot at him, and harassed him sorely; yet his bow remained unmoved,
his arms were made agile by the hands of the Mighty One of Jacob
(by the name of the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel
), by the GOD
of your father who will help you,
Almighty who will bless you with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that couches beneath,
blessings of the breasts and of the womb. The blessings of your father are mighty beyond the
blessings of the eternal mountains, the bounties of the everlasting hills; may they be on the head of Joseph
and on the brow of him who was separate from his brothers.
is a ravenous wolf, in the morning devouring the prey, and at even dividing the spoil.”
THE DEATH OF JACOB
All these are the twelve tribes of Israel
; and this is what their father said to them as he blessed them,
blessing each with the blessing suitable to him. Then he charged them, and said to them,
“I am to be gathered to my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron
in the cave that is in the field at Mach-pelah
, to the east of Mamre
, in the land of Canaan
bought with the field from Ephron
to possess as a burying place.
There they buried Abraham
his wife; there they buried Isaac
and there I buried Leah
—the field and the cave that is in it were purchased from the Hittites
finished charging his sons, he drew up his feet into the bed, and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.
fell on his father’s face, and wept over him, and kissed him.
commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father.
So the physicians embalmed Israel
; forty days were required for it, for so many are required for embalming.
And the Egyptians
wept for him seventy days.
JACOB’S BURIAL IN CANAAN
And when the days of weeping for him were past, Joseph
spoke to the household of Pharaoh
“If now I have found favor in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh
“My father made me swear, saying, “I am about to die; in my tomb which I hewed out for myself in the land of Canaan
there shall you bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray you, and bury my father; then I will return.”
answered, “Go up, and bury your father, as he made you swear.” So Joseph
went up to bury his father;
and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh
, the elders of his household, and all the elders of the land of Egypt
as well as all the household of Joseph
, his brothers, and his father’s household; only their children,
their flock, and their herds were left in the land of Goshen
. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen;
it was a very great company. When they came to the threshing floor of Atad
, which is beyond the Jordan
they lamented there with a very great and sorrowful lamentation; and he made a mourning for his father seven days.
When the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites
saw the mourning on the threshing floor of Atad
, they said,
“This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians
.” Therefore the place was named Abel-miz-raim
; it is beyond the Jordan
Thus his sons did for him as he had commanded them; for his sons carried him to the land of Canaan
and buried him in the cave of the field at Mach-pelah
, to the east of Mamre
bought with the field from Ephron
, to possess as a burying place.
After he had buried his father, Joseph
returned to Egypt
with his brothers and all who had gone up with him to bury his father.
JOSEPH’S KINDNESS TO HIS BROTHERS
brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “It may be that
will hate us and pay us back for all the evil which we did to him.”
So they sent a message to Joseph
saying, “Your father gave this command before he died, Say to Joseph
Forgive, I pray you, the transgression of your brothers and their sin, because they did evil to you”
And now, we pray you, forgive the transgressions of the servants of the GOD
of your father.”
wept when they spoke to him. His brothers also came and fell down before him, and said,
“Behold, we are your servants.” But Joseph
said to them, “Fear not, for am I in the place of GOD
As for you, you meant evil against me; but GOD
meant it for good, to bring it about that
many people should be kept alive, as they are today. So do not fear; I will provide for you and your little ones.”
Thus he reassured them and comforted them.
THE DEATH OF JOSEPH
dwelt in Egypt
, he and his father’s house; and Joseph
lived a hundred and ten years.
children of the third generation; the children also of Machr
the son of
were born upon Joseph’s
knees. And Joseph
said to his brothers,
“I am about to die; but GOD
will visit you, and bring you up out of this land to the land which he swore to Abraham
, and to Jacob
.” Then Joseph
took an oath of the sons of Israel
will visit you, and you shall carry up my bones from here.”
died, being a hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt
ISRAEL’S GROWTH AND BONDAGE
These are the names of the sons of Israel
who came to Egypt
, each with his household;
, and Judah
, and Benjamin
All the offspring of Jacob
were seventy persons; Joseph
was already in Egypt
died, and all his brothers, and all that generation. But the descendants of
were fruitful and increased greatly; they multiplied and grew exceedingly strong; so that the land was filled with them.
Four hundred years later (Moses was born)
Now there arose a new king over Egypt
, who did not know Joseph
. And he said to his people,
“Behold, the people of Israel
are too many and too mighty for us.
Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and, if war befall us,
they join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land.”
Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens;
and they built for Pharaoh
. But the more they were oppressed,
the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And the Egyptians
were in dread of the people of Israel
So they made the people of Israel
serve with rigor, and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick,
and in all kinds of work in the field; in all their work they made them serve with rigor.
PHAROAH’S COMMAND TO THE MIDWIVES
Then the king of Egypt
said to the Hebrew
midwives, one of whom was named Ship rah
and the other Puah
“When you serve as midwife to the Hebrew
women, and see them upon the birth stool, if it is a son,
you shall kill him; but if it is a daughter, she shall live.”
But the midwives feared GOD
, and did not do as the king of Egypt
commanded them, but let the male children live.
So the king of Egypt
called the midwives, and said to them, “Why have you done this, and let the male children live?”
The midwives said to Pharaoh
, “Because the Hebrew
women are not like the Egyptian
for they are vigorous and are delivered before the midwife comes to them.” So GOD
dealt well with the midwives;
and the people multiplied and grew very strong. And because the midwives feared GOD
he gave them families.
commanded all his people, “Every son that is born to the Hebrews
you shall cast into the Nile
but you shall let every daughter live.”